During February 2004, a salvage excavation was conducted adjacent to the northern industrial zone of Bet Shemesh (Permit No. A-4094*; map ref. NIG 2000/6288; OIG 1500/1288), prior to preparing the area for construction. The excavation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority and financed by the Ministry of Construction and Housing, was directed by I. Zilberbod, with the assistance of H. Lavi (administration), T. Kornfeld (surveying) and T. Sagiv (photography).
Two winepresses and several cupmarks were exposed c. 400 m northwest of the Mahseya site, which was excavated in 1999 (HA-ESI 113:124*).
Northern Winepress F1 (Figs. 1, 2). This small rock-hewn winepress had an almost square treading floor (L11; 1.0 × 1.2 m, depth 0.2–0.3 m), a square collecting vat (L12; 0.65 × 0.65 m, depth 0.5 m) near its eastern side and a settling pit (L13; diam. 0.2 m, depth 0.08 m) in the northwestern corner of the vat’s floor.
Southern Winepress F2 (Figs. 3, 4). This bedrock-hewn winepress, c. 35 m south of the northern one, consisted of a treading floor and a collecting vat. The treading floor was almost square (L21; 2.3 × 2.9 m, depth 0.30–0.45 m) and a broad natural fissure ran its length (L24; width 0.4–0.7 m). Along its northern side was a rectangular collecting vat (L22; 0.7 × 1.4 m, depth 1 m), in whose floor’s southeastern corner a settling pit (L23; diam. 0.8 m, depth 0.25 m) was cut. Sections of a thick grayish white plaster layer (15 mm) were visible on the floor and walls of the vat.
Cupmarks F3, F4 (Figs. 1, 5). A round hewn basin (L31; diam. 0.65 m, depth 0.3 m) was discovered between the two winepresses. A small cupmark (L32; diam. 0.13 m, depth 0.1 m) was c. 1.3 m north of the basin and another small cupmark (L41; diam. 0.2 m, depth 0.15 m) was c. 1.8 m west of the northern winepress.
No datable artifacts were recovered from any of the installations.