Cave 1. This natural cave (length c. 4 m, width c. 8 m, max. height 1.7 m; Fig. 1) had its entrance in the east. The cave’s chamber (Fig. 2) was filled with alluvium and collapse (Loci 107, 108) and its floor (L110) was overlaid with concentrations of ash and fragments of a cooking pot from the Roman period (not illustrated). A wall in the front of the cave, oriented north–south, was built of small fieldstones bonded with mud (W2; length 1.1 m, width 0.5 m, height 0.45 m). The wall indicates that the cave was used for storage and perhaps even, as a dwelling. A structure whose nature is unclear was built in the area east of the cave’s entrance, at a later phase. Two of its walls (W1, W3; Fig. 3) and a stone collapse (L103, L106; Fig. 4) that blocked the cave’s entrance had survived. The walls were built on top of a tamped level that comprised mud and small stones (L111). Potsherds dating to the Byzantine period were found in the stone collapse.

 

Cave 2. This small natural cave (1.5 × 2.0 m; Fig. 5), c. 15 m west of Cave 1, was filled with alluvium (L104) and its entrance faced north.

 

Terrace Wall. The wall (W4; Fig. 6), oriented east–west and set on the slope east of Cave 1, was meant to prevent soil erosion. It was built of large stones (average dimensions 0.5 × 0.6 × 0.6 m) and preserved three–four courses high. Small stones were placed among the large stones of the wall’s foundation to prevent soil erosion. The slope was extremely steep at this spot and the built wall was inclined southward (Fig. 7).