During December 2003 a trial excavation was conducted at Elon Site 2, c. 500 m north of Qibbuz Elon (Permit No. A- 4051*; map ref. NIG 2209/7751; OIG 1709/2751). The excavation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority, was directed by N. Getzov (photography and pottery drawing), assisted by Y. Ya‘aqoby (administration).
Elon Site 2 lies on a chalky knoll of the Yanoah formation, in whose center is a crater planted with olive trees, on the northern edge of the tableland between Nahal Keziv to the south and Nahal Bezet to the north, which is characterized by dolomite outcrops of the Sakhnin formation. The site was surveyed by the author and the Western Galilee survey team (IAA Reports 14: Site 189). A burial cave with kokhim is on the eastern fringes of the crater and above it, a hewn sarcophagus dating to the Hellenistic or the Roman period. On the northwestern edge of the hill were the remains of a rectangular building (5.6 × 8.3 m) with thick fieldstone walls (length of corner stones c. 1.3 m). Potsherds from Middle Bronze II, Iron I and the Hellenistic period were gathered from the vicinity of the building. To date the structure, an excavation is required.
Five squares (2 × 2 m each) were excavated c. 50 m southwest of the building. Bedrock was exposed in four of the squares and in the fifth one, surface level that contained terra rosa soil and potsherds from the periods noted above, mostly Iron I, was removed. A soil layer of light color below surface, which contained potsherds characteristic of the settlements from the beginning of the Iron Age in the Galilee, was found in the two adjacent squares.
The ceramic finds from Middle Bronze IIA included a cooking pot with an upright wall (Fig. 2:1) and a jar with an external ridge below the rim (Fig. 2:2). The Iron Age potsherds consisted of a carinated bowl (Fig. 2:3), a cooking pot (Fig. 2:4), a jar (Fig. 2:5) and Galilean pithoi (Fig. 2:6, 7), which are common to Iron Age settlements in the Upper Galilee. Some other collected potsherds included a fragment of a Rhodian jar handle, dating to the Hellenistic period.
It seems that a small settlement was situated here at the beginning of the Iron Age and next to it, beyond its boundaries, was an occupation from the Middle Bronze Age and the Hellenistic period.