During May–June 2003 a salvage excavation was conducted in Ramat Bet Shemesh, next to the summit of Bir Tawil (Permit No. A-3901*; map ref. NIG 19935–7/62345–7; OIG 14935–7/12345–7), in the wake of construction work in a residential neighborhood. The excavation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority and financed by the Ministry of Housing and Construction, was directed by R. Avner, with the assistance of L. Barda (GPS survey), V. Essman and V. Pirsky (surveying), T. Sagiv (field photography), E. Belashov (drafting), I. Pikovski (pottery drawing) and C. Amit (studio photography).
Three areas were surveyed and excavated, revealing modern remains that apparently belonged to the Arab village of Bet Natif, which was abandoned in 1948. Numerous farming terraces, a building and installations were found. A survey in the region had been conducted in the past by Y. Dagan, who exposed terraces, water cisterns, winepresses, and watchman’s booths (License No. G-132/1997).