Area A

. Squares K3–5 (Fig. 1) were opened in the northern part of the excavation area, on the northern slope of a natural hill, c. 150 m from its peak. A wall, oriented east–west (W107; length at least 15 m, width 0.5 m, preserved height 0.3 m) was exposed. It was mostly built of two rows of light colored kurkar fieldstones and large ashlar stones (average size 0.3 × 0.4 m). The fill on either side of the wall contained a large quantity of pottery fragments from the Byzantine period.

Parallel to and 0.15 m north of the wall, an irrigation channel of modern cement that sloped to the west, was exposed. The channel watered an orchard in the area and was used until the 1950s (L106; width 0.3 m, depth 0.15 m). The fill in the channel contained a small amount of late Islamic pottery. The proximity of the channel to the wall and their corresponding change of direction may indicate that they were built as a single unit and the Byzantine pottery, collected in the fill flanking the wall, was swept from the hilltop. Nonetheless, it is possible that the wall was originally built as a terrace wall in the Byzantine period and the builders of the channel made secondary use of it.

 

Area B

. A jar dating to Middle Bronze Age II was discovered on surface in the middle of Square B5 (Fig. 2). To the south of the jar were fragments of sheep bones and teeth in articulation, indicating a primary burial. Fragments of Middle Bronze Age jars, including two bases one inside the other (Fig. 3), were discovered on surface in the northwestern corner of Square B4. Tiny bone fragments were found between the bases, which may have been the remains of a burial.