During April–May 2001 an excavation was conducted near the entrance to the Bedouin settlement of Tel Sheva‘ (Permit No.
A-3411*; map ref. NIG 18529–446/57258–89; OIG 13529–446/
07258–89), in the wake of infrastructure work. The excavation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority and at the initiative of the Ministry of Housing and Construction, was directed by Y. Baumgarten, assisted by H. Lavi (administration) and V. Essman (surveying).
Two squares were opened c. 5 m apart. A meager stone wall, oriented east–west, was exposed in the eastern square. North of the wall was a concentration of stones and potsherds that probably collapsed from the wall, which apparently functioned as a farming terrace during the late Roman and Byzantine periods. The terrace was part of the agricultural hinterland of the tell and the ridge to its west (The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, Vol. 1:167–173).
Below the collapse level in both squares was a layer of loess, which contained potsherds from the Chalcolithic period, overlaying the natural loess. It seems this Chalcolithic level was part of an open area where activity was conducted outside the limits of the Chalcolithic settlement at Tel Sheva‘, located today within the Bedouin settlement of Tel Sheva‘ (Permit No. A-2062). The Chalcolithic potsherds included fragments of storage vessels and churn handles. The later pottery vessels included fragments of jars and African Red Slip vessels, as well as fragments of glass vessels.