Building remains and a stone fence (28) were recorded in the area of the ruin (23). Two hewn water cisterns (27, 29) were located next to the ruins, at the top of the hill’s southern slope.
On the southwestern slope of the hill a hewn and plastered ritual bath (miqwe, 1; Fig. 2) was surveyed. East of the miqwe was a leveled stone surface that served as a courtyard or alley. It seems that rainwater was drained from the stone surface into the miqwe, which had an L-shaped entrance that was mostly covered with soil. The entrance was enclosed on the south with the stone fence (28). In the eastern wall of the entrance was a doorway, leading to a trapezoid-shaped immersion vat. At the bottom of the immersion vat were two hewn steps that spanned its full width and a smaller step in the corner. Two layers of plaster were discerned on the walls, the base layer was white and the upper—gray.
Another miqwe (?; 9) was located on the hill’s southeastern slope. A rock-cut corridor led to the miqwe’s entrance, which was flanked by hewn doorjambs. The immersion vat was oval-shaped and two layers of plaster containing small gravel inclusions coated its walls. The floors of the corridor and the immersion vat were covered with large accumulations of soil. A channel that originated further up the slope probably fed this installation. A later wall blocked the end of the channel.
Several burial caves (2, 5, 7, 8, 10, 17, 21, 25, 30) were investigated along the slopes of the hill. Cave 7 was square and had a standing pit surrounded by shelves; based on its plan it should probably be dated to the Hasmonean period. Caves 10, 17, 21 and 25 had a unique plan. They consisted of a rectangular courtyard, accessed via an arched entrance, and an oval-shaped burial chamber without loculi (Fig. 3); the courtyard, entrance and burial chamber were lined on the same axis. The eastern wall of the courtyard in Cave 10 was hewn and its western wall was built of ashlar stones to a height of three–four courses. The eastern, western and northern walls of the anteroom were hewn in the qirton bedrock, whereas the southern wall was cut in bedrock that contained a block of flint. Consequently, its rock-cutting quality was inferior and the joints to the eastern and western walls were curved. The interface between the qirton and flint bedrock was visible in the eastern wall as a diagonal line, running from the ceiling of the chamber to its floor; traces of white plaster that was meant to cover up this line were noted. A small square entrance with a rock-cut step led down from the anteroom to the burial chamber. It was unclear whether shelves were hewn in the burial chamber. Subsequently, the cave was converted into a water reservoir; the eastern part of the entrance was widened and a conduit for conveying water into the inner chamber was hewn at its base. It is doubtful whether shelves existed in the rest of the caves, since their bottoms were covered with alluvium. Fragments of ossuaries were discovered in two caves. After the survey was concluded another burial cave was revealed during an inspection conducted by A. Ben Nun. Scattered outside its entrance were ossuary fragments. The distinct plan of the burial chambers without loculi may suggest a local tradition that incorporated burial chambers with no burial installations––shelves or loculi––with courtyards and anterooms. The ossuary fragments in the caves indicate that they dated from the end of the 1st century BCE until the beginning of the 2nd century CE.
On the hill’s northern slope, in the area of the burial caves, several circular fieldstone buildings (16, 19, 20, 22; Fig. 4) were explored. These structures appeared to have been modern and it is possible that their inhabitants converted Cave 10 from a burial cave into a water reservoir.
Several others features were documented in the surveyed area, including a circular watchman’s hut (4; Fig. 5), quarries and rock-cuttings (3, 11, 13), a circular, ashlar-built structure (6) and to its west, a well and field walls (12, 14, 15), running perpendicular to the slope, perhaps the remains of ancient roads. The entrance to a refuge cave (26), which had previously been described by Y. Tepper and Z. Safrai (The Refuge Cave in Qerumit, In: A. Kloner and Y. Tepper (eds.) Refuge Caves in the Judean Shephelah, 1987, pp. 204–208), was recorded as well.