The finds discovered in the cave represent a meager amount of human activity in the Iron Age II and intensive activity in the late Persian or early Hellenistic periods. The multitude of jar fragments found mainly in Cavity C and the adjacent spaces (D and E) show that the principal area occupied during this time was the main hall, a space whose physical conditions made it possible to remain fairly comfortable inside the cave, as evidenced by the raised bench built of indigenous fieldstones.
Entry into the cave is not simple; it necessitates passing through low, narrow spaces. This was presumably also the case when the cave was used in antiquity. Based on a count of the jar rims, more than 100 large Galilean Coarse Ware jars were brought into the cave. They were apparently broken intentionally after their contents were consumed to save space and their fragments were discarded outside the main area where the refugees stayed. Thus, the people using the cave at that time evidently made a significant effort to prepare and equip the cave for their stay.
As described above, two caches were buried inside two narrow fissures in the eastern wing of the cave (Cavity E). One included agate beads, concealed inside a Hellenistic lamp, and the other consisted of silver jewelry together with two tetradrachms bearing the name of Alexander the Great, that were hidden in a cloth bundle. The bronze coin found in the central chamber, which dates to c. 320 BCE, is very close to the time when the packet of jewelry and coins was concealed, and the people staying in the center space evidently buried their precious possessions in the hidden and hard-to-reach wing.
The difficult access, the relatively hidden opening, the conditions in which the occupants sojourned and the two caches indicate that the cave served as a hiding place for a group of refugees and was used for an unknown period. Since only two coins were discovered in the cache of jewelry, it is difficult to establish a precise date for the time of its burial. Judging by the date when the latest coin was minted the cache was concealed, at the earliest, in the year 311 BCE. It was in that year that Ptolemy I conquered the Phoenician coastal cities as part of the Wars of the Diadochi, and later that year, he retreated back to Egypt because of the destruction of ‘Akko by Antigonus Monophthalmus.
Therefore, it appears that the refugees in the cave were from the rural area around ‘Akko, c. 23 km west of Kamon Cave, and they had prepared the cave for hiding during the war that took place in the region in 311 BCE. Another possibility is that runaways fled to the cave in 306 BCE during the campaign of Antigonus to conquer Egypt as he passed through the coastal plain of Israel. In any case, the finds discovered in Kamon Cave are rare evidence of governmental instability, which prevailed in the country during the Wars of the Diadochi.