In November 2014, an excavation was conducted at Tel Yarmut, Ramat Bet Shemesh D (Permit No. A-7231; map ref. 197027–105/623074–150; Fig. 1). The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by the Ministry of Construction and Housing, was directed by R. Greenwald, with the assistance of M. Kahan (surveying), Y. Shmidov (surveying and drafting plans), N. Nehama (administration), A. Peretz (photography), Y. Tsur, A. Melman and S. Gendler (surface preparation and antiquities inspection).
Three areas (Fig. 2) were opened, yielding a road, a stone clearance heap and an agricultural installation.
Area 1. A clearance heap (Fig. 3) built of large, roughly hewn stones was exposed. Its eastern (W102) and northern (W103) walls were preserved. The interior of the heap (L108) was filled with small stones.
Area 2. A road (Fig. 4) built of two parallel rows of stones (W100, W101), situated 2 m apart, ascends toward the hilltop to the north. The bottom course of the walls was constructed of roughly hewn rectangular stones and was topped with a row of fieldstones. The interior of the road was made level with small stones that were placed in the hollows in the bedrock (Fig. 5). Other segments of a road were identified near the excavation (Fig. 4, indicated by a dotted line).
Area 3. A large stone (L106; Figs. 4, 6) with hewn two cupmarks (diam. 0.1 m, depth 0.15 m) was found; the cupmarks were connected by a shallow channel (Fig. 7). A drainage channel in their eastern wall led to a hewn basin, most of which had not survived.
The finds revealed in the excavation could not be dated. It can cautiously be suggested that the agricultural area was used by the farms in the region during the Byzantine period, such as the farmhouse excavated northeast of the area (Permit No. A-7184).