Two perpendicular walls (W200, W201) were uncovered in Area A. Four walls (W205, W206, W208, W209) were excavated in Area B. Walls 205 and 206 were at right angles to each other and built on top of W209. A single wall (W213) was discovered in Areas C and D; it was erected in the area of a terrace built of medium-sized fieldstones (c. 0.10

× 0.10 × 0.15 m). Area E had one wall (W214) and in Area F,  c. 10 m north of the Bet Nehemya wadi channel, two walls (W210, W216) were found next to each other, possibly indicating two building phases. Of the three walls (W211, W212, W215) in Area G, two (W212, W215) were built next to each other.

  × 0.6 m) and were preserved a single course high, except for Walls 210 and 216 in Area F and W205 in Area B, which were preserved two courses high. Several dressed and ashlar stones in secondary use were incorporated in the construction of the walls, which had no traces of bonding material or plaster. Most of the walls were founded on soil, other than Walls 210, 211 and 215 in Areas F and G that were set on a foundation of small fieldstones, which leveled the area. It seems that most of the walls belonged to the same construction phase, beside the walls in Area B that were built atop each other and the walls in Areas F and G that were built next to each other and probably attested to two building phases.

All the terrace walls were built of a single row of large fieldstones (0.4

  × 50 m): Walls 200 and 203 in the east, Walls 204, 206, 210 and 211 in the west, Walls 205 and 214 and in the north and Walls 201 and 212 in the south. The walls extended beyond the excavation areas and appear to have been part of a larger terrace wall system. Most of the ceramic finds dated to the Byzantine period and the terrace walls were apparently built at this time as well. It is assumed that the pottery fragments from other periods were simply swept into the excavation area. The terrace walls may have been part of the settlement remains from the Byzantine period (Site 77) that were previously excavated c. 200 m north of here (ESI 20:134*). Settlement remains from the Iron Age and Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods were also explored in the past at Tel Hadid, located c. 2 km south of the site (ESI 19:44*–46*).


The alluvium soil next to the walls contained a few fragments of pottery vessels and three coins. The ceramic finds included an Iron Age II cooking pot rim (Fig. 2:1), a rim fragment of a jar from the Hellenistic period (Fig. 2:2), three Late Roman C ware sherds (Fig. 2:3–5), a fragment of an enormous jar from the Byzantine period (Fig. 2:6) and a rim of a glazed bowl from the Crusader period (Fig. 2:7). The body fragments of most pottery vessels dated to the Byzantine period and the rest were from the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The numismatic finds included a coin from the reign of Antiochus IV (175–164 BCE; IAA 88615) minted in ‘Akko-Ptolemais and two illegible coins. The head of a stone figurine (height 5.5 cm, width 4.0 cm, thickness 3.5 cm; Fig. 3) that was probably an animal was recovered from Area B; its eyes are rendered as two holes and it has an eagle-like nose and even ears. A semicircular depression on the rear of the figurine may have been used to attach it to a wooden object.


The exposed terrace walls may have belonged to a farm. Their alignment is such that when connected, they form a square compound (c. 50