Area A

 

 

Area B

 

The two southern half squares (Fig. 3) comprised a thick layer of alluvium (L102) that consisted of stones and an abundance of potsherds, ranging in date from the Persian period until the modern era. Half of a circular limekiln (L104) was found beneath the alluvium layer. One foundation course set on bedrock and above it two courses of stone construction were preserved; the northern part of the limekiln was bedrock hewn and plastered. South of the limekiln were two plaster floors, the upper was 0.3 m higher than the lower one. The upper floor (L105) abutted the bottom course of the limekiln and was dated to the Early Islamic period, based on the latest ceramic finds. The lower floor (L111) was severed by the limekiln’s foundation trench and its date was unclear. The limekiln continued further to the south, below the road. East of the limekiln was a corner formed by two walls (W113, W114) that was part of a building, which had been destroyed when the limekiln was constructed. To its north were sections of two walls (W115, W116); the direction of W115 indicates it was probably connected to Walls 113 and 114. A retaining wall (W112), consisting of a single stone course founded on bedrock, was noted nearby; it was probably meant to retain the soil used in leveling the area to its east.

. Three half squares, aligned north–south, were opened. A large hewn water cistern (L100; Fig. 2) with a circular opening (diam. 2 m) was detected in the northern half square, which was enlarged to a full square. The cistern extended 3.5 m from its mouth to the northeast, where it reached a maximum depth of 3 m. It was coated with a thick layer of plaster and contained ceramic finds dating from the Byzantine period until the Ottoman period.

 

 

× 1.5 m) was exposed 0.5 m north of the water cistern. The tomb was not excavated. The tomb’s facade was coated with fine plaster and its entrance, which was sealed with fieldstones, was discerned south of the anteroom. Two loculi were observed inside the tomb. A fieldstone-built wall (W109) founded on a thin layer of soil fill that rested on bedrock was uncovered in the eastern half square. The soil fill in both half squares (Loci 103, 108) was disturbed. The ceramic finds in the area dated from the Byzantine period until the Ottoman period.
(Fig. 1). Two half squares were excavated. A large rock-cut water cistern (L107) with a circular opening (diam. 0.5 m) and an irregular outline was discovered in the western half square. It was excavated to a depth of only 2 m. The cistern’s northern wall was vertical, whereas the southern part widened to a distance of 6.2 m from the opening. The cistern was coated with a thick layer of plaster, applied to pottery fragments from the Byzantine period. The fill in the cistern contained ceramic finds from the Byzantine period until the Ottoman period. Thus, it seems that the cistern was not hewn prior to the Byzantine period and was no longer in use, at the latest, in the Ottoman period. The rock-hewn anteroom of a tomb (L110; 1.2