The excavation was undertaken after an abundance of ceramic finds was found in trial trenches opened with mechanical equipment in the area slated for construction. The area where the four excavation squares were opened was disturbed in the past, probably during the installation of the infrastructure for mobile homes that once stood there. A layer of soil that contained a large quantity of pottery sherds, three bronze coins, several animal bones, mainly of cattle, a few flint items and some shells was discovered below the surface in all of the squares.
The ceramic finds are dated to several periods, including the Middle Bronze Age (a few sherds), the Iron Age (numerous finds), as well as the Persian, Hellenistic, Roman (a few sherds) and Byzantine (a few sherds) periods. Some of the pottery sherds, especially the most ancient ones, have limestone encrustations affixed to them, indicating that they were exposed to an environment inundated with water. The mollusk shells (melanopsis buccihoidea) that were discovered are common in springs and streams where the water flows slowly, similarly indicating an environment flooded with water. The pottery was mixed and not stratified; hence it was found ex situ and had been brought there either naturally or by man.
Two of the three bronze coins are especially large and date to the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (283–246 BCE; IAA 106771, 106772; Fig. 1) and were evidently minted in Alexandria. The head of Zeus appears on the obverse of the two coins. On the reverse of one of them is an eagle; while on the back of the other coin is a pair of eagles standing on a bundle of lightning bolts. The third bronze coin dates to the reign of Justin II (565–574 CE) and was minted in Constantinople. The emperor and his wife, Sophia, appear on the obverse, and the denomination—40 nummi—appears on the reverse.
Below the layer of soil and artifacts was a thin layer of earth that lay directly on travertine. The numerous finds discovered in the excavation seems to have been transported there by erosion from nearby ancient sites, including Tel Te’onim, Horbat Ne‘etar and Tel Trumot, where pottery sherds from the same periods as those discovered in the current excavation were found.