An area (5×10 m) was opened and a top layer of soil (thickness 1.4–1.6 m), comprising alluvium devoid of stones or stream pebbles, was removed. Below it was a layer of packed stream pebbles that was difficult to excavate, which contained building stone collapse. A wall (W13; Fig. 2) was exposed below the two layers; it was built of two courses of limestone along the slope; some of the building stones were roughly hewn and the wall was founded on fill of natural soil. Abutting both sides of the wall was a layer of stream pebbles and tamped alluvium (thickness c. 0.7 m) that contained a large quantity of potsherds dating to the Persian, Hellenistic, Early Roman and Middle Roman periods. The ceramic artifacts included bowls (Fig. 3:3, 4), a cooking pot (Fig. 3:5) and jars (Fig. 3:11, 18, 20), ascribed to the Persian period (fifth–fourth centuries BCE); a mortarium (Fig. 3:1), jars (Fig. 3:14, 17, 19, 21, 22) and a jug (Fig. 3:25) from the Hellenistic period (second century BCE); jars (Fig. 3:16, 23, 24) from the Early Roman period (first century BCE), and a bowl (Fig. 3:2), cooking pots (Fig. 3:6–10) and jars (Fig. 3:12, 13, 15) from the Middle Roman period (second century CE).
A variety of chalk cores used in the manufacture of stone vessels (Fig. 4), which had been swept into the stream, were found in the layer of stream pebbles. Below this layer was a friable layer of silt, devoid of building stones, potsherds and archaeological finds. The revealed wall was probably built to direct the flow of the stream, for the purpose of agricultural installations or for growing farm crops on the bank of the stream (Fig. 5).
A protective wall on the bank of one of the tributaries of Nahal Zippori was exposed in the excavation. The wall was covered with alluvium that contained water-worn potsherds dating to the Persian, Hellenistic, Early Roman and Middle Roman periods, as well as cores of stone vessels.