During August 2011, a salvage excavation was conducted adjacent to Highway 85, near the entrance to Camp ‘Ami‘ad (Permit No. A-6254; map ref. 249477/757212), following the discovery of wall remains in a survey (License No. S-95/2009, Site 14b). The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the National Roads Company, Ltd., was directed by O. Zingboym, with the assistance of Y. Ya‘aqobi (administration), M. Kahan (surveying and drafting), H. Tahan-Rosen (pottery drawing) and laborers from the Hula Valley.
The excavation was carried out along a rocky slope, east of a north–south oriented channel. A rectangular building from the Middle Roman period and a terrace wall were exposed (Fig. 1).
The area of the slope is characterized by dolomite bedrock or gray hard and stony nari that underwent extensive karstic activity. A building (3.0×3.5 m; Figs. 2, 3) was exposed on the bedrock; its walls (average width c. 1 m) were built of large grooved fieldstones, several sections of which were preserved three courses high (c. 1.2 m). It is obvious that the structure collapsed to the south, either due to lack of use and maintenance or as a result of an earthquake (Fig. 4). A cupmark hewn in a bedrock surface was located next to the northern side of the building (Fig. 5).
A farming terrace wall was located in the channel of the shallow stream at the foot of the slope where the soil is arable. The wall (length 31.5 m, width 1.3–1.8 m) was built across the channel of medium-sized fieldstones.
Several fragments of pottery vessels that dated to the Middle Roman period (second–third centuries CE) were gathered in the excavation. These are similar to those manufactured at nearby Kefar Hananya, including a Type A1 bowl (Fig. 6:1) and a Type B3 cooking pot or krater (Fig. 6:2).
The building was probably used as a watchman’s hut or a storeroom for produce that was grown in the channel. Judging by the ceramic artifacts, it seems that the building was used in the Middle Roman period.