Area F1 (Figs. 3, 4). Remains of a columbarium hewn in a cave that was partly natural and partly rock-cut (3.0–4.5 × 15.0 m, height c. 4.5 m; Figs. 5, 6) were exposed; its ceiling had collapsed in the past. The columbarium was divided into three rooms (I–III) by rock-hewn and built walls. A karstic cavity (c. 3.0 × 3.5 m, height c. 3 m), which was slightly enlarged, was found inside Room I. Several rock-cut niches (c. 0.20 × 0.25 m, height 0.2 m) were found c. 1 m above the floor. Collapsed stones (L121) were discovered inside the room. Rooms I and II were separated by a rock-hewn wall (W4; width c. 0.5 m, height c. 1.5 m); there was apparently a stone wall built on top of it that had toppled into the room. Room II (c. 3.0 × 4.5 m, height c. 4 m) was almost completely preserved. Next to the room’s southern bedrock wall, which was partially hewn, was a wall built of one row of medium-sized fieldstones (W1; length 2 m, width 0.85 m, height 1.5 m). Another wall (W2; length c. 1 m, width c. 1 m, height 1.5 m), built of two rows of ashlars, was located near a hewn protuberance east of W1. A paved entrance (L118; c. 0.5 × 1.0 m, height c. 0.5 m), set between the two walls, led into Room II. Columbarium niches were hewn in all of the Room’s walls (Figs. 7, 8). The niches in the northern wall and those in the eastern wall (W6) were hewn from the ceiling down to a height of 1 m above the floor. They were arranged in several sections, each of which comprised three columns with five to seven rows of niches. Another single column of niches was located at the southern end of the eastern wall. Several niches were hewn in the western and southern walls as well. A passage between W2 and W6 connected Rooms II and III. In Room III (c. 2 × 4 m), a stone wall (W3; length c. 3 m, width c. 0.5 m, height c. 1 m; Fig. 9) with a niche (L122; c. 1 × 1 m) was built beside the northern bedrock wall. The room had a rock-hewn floor (L113), which was exposed beneath a thick layer of earth (L112; thickness c. 1.5 m). The southern and eastern bedrock walls of Room III were hewn to a maximum depth of 2 m. In the room’s southern wall were four columns of hewn niches with four rows per column, as well as several randomly placed niches. Part of a cave (IV; length c. 2.5 m), which also featured several hewn niches, was exposed to the east of the columbarium. It seems that this cave resulted from an incomplete expansion of the columbarium. Stone slabs arranged as a pavement (View A; Fig. 10) were discovered overlying the floor of the cave (L126). Rock-cut channels (L106, L120) and rock-cuttings (L115, L130) were noted on the bedrock surface just south of the columbarium.
The soil (L112, L119) found inside Rooms II and III was sealed by chunks of the columbarium’s rock ceiling. The soil contained a large quantity of ceramic artifacts dating to the Iron Age II, but not later than the seventh–sixth century BCE. The finds included bowls with a folded rim (Fig. 11:1, 3–5, 7–9, 11, 13, 15–17), a variety of other bowls (Fig. 11:2, 6, 10, 12, 14, 18) and a large number of various types of holemouth jars (Figs. 12–14). Columbarium caves in the country usually postdate the Iron Age; it thus seems that the finds in the columbarium had been swept in. Another possibility is that the once the columbarium ceased to be in use, the cavity was used as a refuse pit.
Area F2 (Fig. 15). A small quarry (4 × 15 m, depth 0.2–1.0 m; Fig. 16) was exposed c. 30 m southeast of the columbarium. The chisel marks indicate that medium-sized stones (c. 0.5 × 0.8 × 1.0 m) were hewn in the quarry. A jug dating to the Byzantine period (Figs. 17; 18:4) was discovered in soil that accumulated in the northwestern corner of the quarry. Eight rock-cut niches (L205–L212; 0.2–1.0 × 0.3 × 1.0 m, depth 0.2–0.4 m) were exposed c. 10 m northeast of the quarry.
Area F3 (Fig. 19). Two parts of a small quarry (L302—4.0 × 5.5 m, max. hewn depth c. 2.5 m; L303 and L304—3 × 15 m; Figs. 20, 21) were exposed in the northeast of the area. The main part of the quarry was worn due to later activity.
Area F4 (Figs. 22, 23). Three partially hewn caves (I–III) were discovered in karstic cavities. Three openings were hewn in front of Cave I (L403—c. 1 × 2 m; L404—c. 1.4 × 2.0 m; L405—c. 1.0 × 1.5 m; Figs. 24–26). The cave’s interior (L406; 3.0 × 6.5 m, height c. 1.5 m) was almost entirely exposed prior to the excavation. The bedrock floor of the cave had a natural depression. The floor was overlain with a layer of soil (thickness 0.25 m) that contained several pottery sherds, probably Roman-period jars and jugs (Fig. 18:1–3). A rock-hewn niche (L409; c. 1.0 × 1.5 m, height 1.2 m) was exposed c. 2 m northeast of Cave I. A small quarry (L407, L408; c. 4 × 6 m), similar to the quarries in Areas F2 and F3, was found slightly to the southeast of the opening of Cave I. No evidence of rock-cutting was discovered in Caves II (L402; c. 3 × 5 m, height c. 1.5 m) and III (L410; c. 3 × 3 m, height c. 1.5 m) apart from a circular depression hewn in the bedrock floor of Cave III (L401; diam. c. 1 m, depth 0.5 m). The ceilings in both of the caves had collapsed. The caves may have had some connection with the quarry, and may have been used latter as dwellings and for storage.
Area F5 (Figs. 27–29). Remains of a small rock-hewn winepress, consisting of a treading floor (L503), a square collecting vat (L501; c. 1 × 1 m, depth 1.4 m) and a round settling pit (L502; diam. 0.8 m, depth 0.55 m), were exposed. Only a small section of the treading floor was preserved. Remains of light gray plaster survived on the walls and floor of Collecting Vat 501. The eastern wall of the collecting vat had collapsed, and a karstic cavity (L505) was exposed beside it. The upper part of the winepress was damaged by later activity. The soil fill (L504) found at the bottom of the collecting vat contained several worn fragments of Iron Age II jars, similar to the jars discovered in the columbarium.