The southeastern corner of a building was exposed. It was formed by two walls (W101, W106) built of medium-sized fieldstones (c. 0.8 × 0.8 m) and preserved three courses high. The walls were founded on hamra (L105), which contained potsherds dating to the Early Islamic period, including a krater (Fig. 3:1), and a buff-ware jug (Fig. 3:2).
A pit built of small stones (L102; width of opening 0.9 m) was uncovered east of the building. The pit’s interior was not lined and apparently, it was used as a cesspit. A few fragments of pottery vessels were found above the stones of the pit, including a Celadon-type bowl from China (Fig. 3:3) dating probably to the eleventh century CE and a cooking pot (Fig. 3:4), dating to the thirteenth–fourteenth centuries CE. The pit contained potsherds that were attributed to the eighth–eleventh centuries CE, including a black on cream glazed bowl (Fig. 3:5), a splash glazed bowl (Fig. 3:6), a frying pan (Fig. 3:7), a krater (Fig. 3:8) and a buff-ware jug (Fig. 3:9).
A floor composed of small stones (L104; length 0.1 m) was exposed west of the pit. The potsherds above the floor included a splash glazed bowl (Fig. 3:10), a frying pan (Fig. 3:11), a plain buff bowl (Fig. 3:12), a cooking pot (Fig. 3:13) and a buff-ware jug (Fig. 3:14) that dated to the Abbasid period. Two coins were found in the fill (L100) that extended above Floor 104 to the top of Wall 101. One coin was minted in Ramla in the name of the Abbasid emir Ibn Mansūr al-Mahdī (under the governors Ğhadam ibn Habāb and Yahyā ibn Qamūs; 805 CE; IAA 137008) and the other coin is of the Mamluk king Al-Nasir Muhammad (Damascus mint; 1134 CE; IAA 137009). The pottery from the fill dated to the Early Islamic period and included a krater (Fig. 3:15), a zir jar (Fig. 3:16) and a buff-ware jug (Fig. 3:17).
Several intact pottery vessels dating to the Mamluk period (Fig. 4) were discovered west of the W101 remains, among them a Ramla-type bowl (Fig. 5:1) and a jug (Fig. 5:2). The vessels postdated the wall and were probably a later penetration whose boundaries could not be identified during the excavation.
A few glass fragments were found in the excavation, of which thirteen can be identified and dated. The earliest fragments date to the Umayyad period and include a juglet rim, folded in and pinched (L103) and a rim fragment of an alembic—small beaker with a long spout (L105). Similar alembics were found in numerous excavations in Ramla and other settlements, such as Caesarea, Bet She’an, and Tiberias (Gorin-Rosen Y. 2010. The Islamic Glass Vessels. In O. Gutfeld. Ramla: Final Report on the Excavations North of the White Mosque [Qedem 51], Jerusalem, p. 229, Pl. 10.2:18–21).
Fragments of other vessels represent the Abbasid period, including a rounded rim of a cylindrical bowl (L100), a fragment from a bowl’s side with a thickening at the juncture to the base (L105), a handle with a thumb rest (L105) and a rim fragment, folded out and hollow, belonging to a delicate bottle (L102). A similar handle and this kind of bottle were found in Ramla (Gorin-Rosen 2010:242–244, Pls. 10.6:26, 10.7:2–4).
Two vessel fragments that are characteristic of the Mamluk period were found (L102): an inverted bowl rim of holemouth shape with a thick wall, made of purple glass adorned with marvered white trails; and part of a handle that has a broad drop-like base, common to vessels known as ‘mosque lamps’. Similar marvered bowl fragments were found in an installation that was discovered on Ha-Palmah
Street in Ramla, also dating to the Mamluk period (HA-ESI 121
: Fig. 13:2, 3).