During May 2004, an excavation was conducted on the beach in Yafo, at a lower level than Razif Ha-‘Aliya Ha-Sheniya Street (Permit No. A-4164; map ref. 177032–42/662612–22), after ancient remains were discovered during work implemented by the Tel Aviv-Yafo municipality. The excavation, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, was directed by A. Bouchenino, with the assistance of M. Mulokandov (preliminary inspections), V. Essman and V. Pirsky (surveying), I. Berin (drafting), L. Kupershmidt (metallurgical laboratory) and D.T. Ariel (numismatics).
A wall (W1; length 11 m, width 3 m) oriented north–south, whose southern end turned eastward to form a corner, was discovered. Its western side was built of dressed kurkar stones and its debesh core consisted of various size unworked kurkar stones and hamra mud bricks. A staircase (width 1.5 m, length 2.5–3.0 m) descending from east to west, of which eight steps had survived, was discovered north of W1. Another wall (W2; length 3 m, width 1.9 m) oriented north–south was discovered beyond the staircase; it continued north beyond the boundaries of the excavation.
The sides of the walls and the staircase were built of dressed kurkar stones, set on a foundation of beach rock. The walls were preserved seven courses high and a thin layer of cement mixed with shells was inserted between the courses. The southern end of W1 was adjoined by a chute from the time of the British Mandate (Fig. 4).
Ceramic and numismatic finds were recovered from unclean assemblages and were scant, mostly worn and non-diagnostic. Among the finds were several pieces of Marseilles roof tiles, a marble column fragment, several potsherds of typical Gaza-ware bowls and jars, two rims of glazed plates imported from Çanakkale in Turkey, a fragment of a pipe and five modern bronze coins, two of which are illegible, two date to the period of the British Mandate and the fifth is a United States penny dated 1964.
The exposed architectural finds are probably part of a residential buildings complex from the Ottoman period. Residential buildings from this complex were also exposed in other excavations in the vicinity and had been destroyed by the British when the port was constructed in 1931.