Building remains from the Mamluk and Roman periods and the Late Bronze Age were exposed (max. depth 3.7 m).
The Mamluk Period. Two strata were identified. Remains of two walls (W19, W26) that formed a corner were exposed in the upper stratum. They were haphazardly built of roughly hewn limestone; a tabun and a large amount of ash were located on the floor in their corner. A pit full of ash, probably from the tabun, was excavated at the western end of the square. The pottery fragments above the floor included glazed bowls (Fig. 2:1, 2), a handmade bowl decorated with brown-painted circles and lines (Fig. 2:3),a krater (Fig. 2:4), a cooking pot (Fig. 2:5) and a frit-ware jar (Fig. 2:6), all dating to the fourteenth–fifteenth centuries CE, as well as two rim fragments of amphorae (Fig. 2:7, 8), dating to the Middle Roman period (end of the third century CE).
The upper stratum penetrated into an earlier one, which included the remains of a corner (W25, W33), abutted on the inside by a tamped earth floor (L16; not marked on plan). A stone-slab floor (L36) abutted the earthen floor and a wall (W29). Overlaying Floor 36 were numerous fragments of pottery vessels, including glazed bowls, painted kraters, cooking pots and jars that dated to the Mamluk period (fourteenth century CE).
Wall 26 of the upper stratum was founded on the remains of Wall 38, in whose foundation were potsherds that included a bowl (Fig. 3:1) and a cooking pot (Fig. 3:2) dating to Late Bronze Age II, a mortarium krater (Fig. 3:3) dating to the Persian period, a cooking pot (Fig. 3:4) and jars (Fig. 3:5, 6) dating to the Middle Roman period (third–fourth centuries CE) and krater fragments from the Mamluk period (Fig. 3:7).
The Middle Roman Period. A layer of collapse (not marked on plan) that contained potsherds dating to the Middle Roman period (not drawn) was exposed in the southwestern corner.
Late Bronze Age. Two walls (W30, W37), abutted by two superposed floors, were exposed. A large quantity of mud-brick material (Fig. 4) and fragments of pottery vessels had accumulated on the upper floor, including kraters (Fig. 3:8–10), cooking pots (Fig. 3:11–13), a chalice (Fig. 3:14), an amphoriskos (Fig. 3:15) and another amphoriskos decorated with black and red stripes on the neck (Fig. 3:16), all dating to the Late Bronze Age, as well as a bone spindle whorl (Fig. 5) and a broken female figurine plaque (Fig. 6), survived by the center portion from the neck to the knees. The breasts and genitals are marked in brown paint, as are the bracelets, drawn on each arm.
Fragments of bowls, jars (Fig. 3:17, 18) and jugs dating to Late Bronze Age II (fourteenth century BCE) were found on the lower floor, as well as two flint cores and a number of flakes.
Building remains that dated to the Mamluk and Early Islamic periods were exposed.
The Mamluk Period. A wall (W14) was exposed c. 1 m below the surface. It was abutted by a tamped earth floor (L23), overlain with ash, probably from a baking oven whose remains were discovered in the western balk of the square below stone collapse. The potsherds above this floor included a bowl (Fig. 2:9), bowl fragments painted with brown stripes (Fig. 2:10–12), a base of a glazed bowl (Fig. 2:13), a frit-ware jar (Fig. 2:14) and a jug (Fig. 2:15) dating to the Mamluk period (fourteenth century CE).
The Early Islamic Period. A wall (W24) was discovered c. 1.2 m below the level of Floor 23. A tamped earth floor (L20), in which flat paving stones were integrated, abutted W24. Fragments of pottery vessels collected above this floor included bowls, cooking pots and pans (Fig. 2:16), a jar (Fig. 2:17) and body fragments of black jars painted with white stripes that date to the Early Islamic period.