The remains of circular installations, built of a single course of fieldstones, were discovered in Area A and the northeastern corner of Area B. The installation in Area A consisted of two circles (L105; outer diams. 0.9 m and 1.4 m) and the one in Area B was a single circle (L101; outer diam. 1.1 m). The pottery vessels from Installation 101 included three locally produced bowls, one plain (Fig. 3:2) and two glazed (Fig. 3:3, 6) and another glazed bowl that was imported from Italy (Fig. 3:9), dating to the Mamluk period, and a jar from the beginning of the Ottoman period (Fig. 4:3). A floor layer of plaster and charcoal (L103; thickness 7 cm) abutted Installation 101. Glazed bowls imported from Italy (Fig. 3:7, 8) and a jar (Fig. 3:14), dating to the Mamluk period, were found on the floor.Installation 105 contained fragments of a large bottle and two glass jars that dated to the Mamluk period, as well as a jug fragment (Fig. 4:4) from the Ottoman period.The fill above Installation 105 (L100) contained two glazed bowls, one local (Fig. 3:4) and the other imported from Italy (Fig. 3:11), and a cooking pot (Fig. 3:12) from the Mamluk period, as well as a locally produced glazed bowl that dated to the Ottoman period (Fig. 4:2). It therefore seems that the installations were used during the Mamluk and Ottoman periods.
Two walls (W10, W11) were exposed in the southern part of Area B.Wall 10, oriented north– south, was built of two rows of partially hewn stones with a core of small fieldstones; two sections of the wall (length 2.0 m and 4.5 m, width 0.50–0.65 m) survived. Wall 11, aligned east–west (preserved length 0.75 m, width 0.25 m), was built of a single row of partially hewn stones. The wall apparently abutted the northern part of W10. The two walls, which survived a single course high, were built without mortar and founded on natural accumulations of alluvium. Fieldstone collapse (L108) that was probably a result of robbing the building stones from the structure was discovered near the point where the two walls met. A cooking pot dating to the end of the Mamluk period (Fig. 3:13) was found among the stones in the collapse.The fill west of
W10 and north of W11 (L102) contained two locally produced bowls, one undecorated (Fig. 3:1) and the other glazed (Fig. 3:5), a glazed bowl imported from Italy (Fig. 3:10) and a jug (Fig. 3:15) dating to the Mamluk period, as well asa locally produced bowl from the Ottoman period (Fig. 4:1) and a stone weight (Fig. 5). The southern part of W10 was abutted from the west by a pavement (L107) of small fieldstones (c. 5×6 cm). North of the walls was more collapse (L109) that may have originated from the continuation of W10, which had been dismantled or collapsed.
It seems that the building and installations, located only several dozen meters from the khan that was founded on the Via Maris in 1310 CE and was also used in the Ottoman period, were part of the khan complex, which included a mosque and a pool. It is possible that the building served as one of the complex’s ancillary structures. In light of the ceramic artifacts, almost all of which dated to the Mamluk period, and a few to the Ottoman period, it seems that these remains were no longer used during the Ottoman period.