1. Reg. No. 1000, L100, IAA 102884 (surface).
In the name of Amaury, early 13th century CE, ‘Akko (?).
Obverse: AMALRICVS REX cross pattée, annulets in 2, 3, quarters.
Reverse: [DE IERVS]ALEM cross (incuse).
billon denier, 0.39 g, 16 mm.
Cf. Metcalf 1995, Pl. 11.
(Metcalf D.M. 1995. Coinage of the Crusades and the Latin East in the AshmoleanMuseum, Oxford [The Royal Numismatic Society, Special Publications 28]. Oxford).
2. Reg. No. 1017, L106, IAA 102883.
Abbey of St. Martin, 13th century CE, Tours (?).
Obverse: only the copper core remains, with no design.
Reverse: [TVRO]NVS CIVI the abbey.
Fourée denier, 0.85 g, 18 mm.
Cf. Metcalf 1995, Pl. 23, Nos. 608–613.
Amphora Stamps
Gerald Finkielsztejn
Ten Rhodian stamps were recovered from the excavation. They are dated from the end of the third to the first third of the second centuries BCE. The associations and chronology are based on Finkielsztejn 2001 (Chronologie detaillée et revisée des eponyms rhodiens de 270 à 108 av. J. –C. environ, premier bilan [BAR Int. S. 990]. Oxford), with references therein.
Period II
Rh 1. 103.1010 – Stamp in the shape of an ivy leaf.
            [E]p[i] Qrasu
The frabricant is Epigonoj 1st. Date: 219–213 BCE.
Rh 2. 102-103.1016.A – Rectangular stamp.
           Symbol of        Epi
Very eroded letters. The fabricant was most probably Qeudwroj (Finkielsztejn 2001:98–100, 105, 112, 191). Date: (235) 226–210 BCE.
Rh 3. 101.1003 – Rectangular stamp.
           Epi Eukrati(da)
           D a l i o u
Although this may not be ascertained, it is possible that the engraver played with the fact that the beginning of the month is the end of the name of the eponym and therefore, he did not repeat the syllable da. Date: 203–199 BCE.
Rh 4. 102.1009.A – Rectangular stamp.
           A [-----]
The profile of the handle and the appearance of the die date this amphora to late Period II–early Period III. Date: end of the third–beginning of second centuries BCE.
Period III
Rh 5. 101.1007 – CS.
Fabricant Damokrathj 1st. Associations with eponyms from Pausaniaj 2nd to N…kasagoraj 1st (Finkielsztejn 2001:117, 191–192). Date: 199–172/170 BCE.
Rh 6. 102-103.1016.B –
There is no clear visible trace of a stamp on this quite eroded handle. It is possible that the handle was not stamped (by mistake rather than because the second handle may have born all the information, an unlikely possibility for the period) or that the stamp (which may have been circular) has completely disappeared. The profile of the handle dates this amphora to Period III. Date: first third of the second century BCE.
Period IV
Rh 7. 103.1012 – CS.
           Epi Swsikle[uj Art]amitiou
The fabricant is either Aristoklhj 2nd or Ippokrathj. Date: 159/158–155/154 BCE.
Rh 8. 102.1009.B – Rectangular stamp.
           E[pi -------]
The profile of the handle and the appearance of the die date this amphora to Period IV–Period V. Date: second third of the second century BCE.
Period V
Rh 10. 101.1004.B – Rectangular stamp.
           Bromi]ou Wreath
Associations with eponyms from Gorgwn to Alexiadaj , but with the wreath type only down to Autokrathj 1st (Finkielsztejn 2001:121–123, 130, 155, 193, 195). Date: 154/153–138/137 BCE at least (wreath type), down to 138/137 BCE at least for the fabricant’s career.
Rh 9. 101.1004.A – Rectangular stamp.
           Pagcareu(j)                  or                     Pagcareu
           Device (double-axe?) or letters?        Device j
Association with eponyms: Timodikoj (The Hebrew University collection, No. 2434; thanks to Gila Horowitz) and Alexiadaj (Graeco-Roman Museum in Alexandria; thanks to Jean-Yves Empereur). There is one isolated example in Marissa without device (to be published by this author). See Finkielsztejn 2001:195; Date: 145–138/137 BCE at least.