During September 2003, a salvage excavation was conducted in Lavi (East, Permit No. A-4004; map ref. NIG 24265–95/74355–75, OIG 19265–95/24355–75), following earthmoving work for laying a water pipe. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Meqorot Water Company, was directed by A. Mokary (photography), with the assistance of Y. Ya‘aqobi (administration), V. Essman (surveying), H. Tahan (pottery drawing) and laborers from Nazareth.
An ancient winepress and quarries were exposed.
The winepress, hewn in limestone bedrock, consisted of a square treading floor (L11; 3.6 × 3.6 m, depth 0.2 m), in whose middle was a hewn rectangular recess for a stone press bed that was found upside down over the recess. At the eastern end of the treading floor was a rectangular rock-hewn collecting vat (L12; 0.9 × 2.0 m, depth 1.35 m) with the remains of plaster applied to its sides. A secondary treading floor was hewn at the southern end of the primary floor and both were linked by way of a small channel. The base of a pressing installation, hewn out of round basalt stone (diam. c. 0.8 m), was found over the treading floor. A square perforation (length 0.25 m) for holding a wooden beam was cut in the centre of the stone and an attempt was made to cut a recess in the other side of the stone, but it did not materialize. A fragment of a lamp decorated with a herringbone pattern in relief (Fig. 2:1) and a fragment of a black jar (Fig. 2:2), dating to the seventh century CE, were found above the treading floor.
Three ancient quarries (size of quarried stones 0.5–0.8 m, thickness of stone 0.3 m) were located at the eastern end of the winepress.