During September 2005, a salvage excavation was conducted in the Promenade Garden in Tiberias (Permit No. A-4608; map ref. NIG 25115–9/74370–7; OIG 20115–9/24370–7), following the discovery of building remains. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Government Tourism Corporation, was directed by A. Mokary, with the assistance of V. Essman (surveying) and H. Tahan (pottery drawing).
The excavation area is located next to the waterfront, within the precincts of Old Tiberias, which is surrounded by the Ottoman city wall. One excavation square was opened, revealing the remains of a building that dated to the Ottoman period. Two massive walls (W13, W14; width 2 m; Fig. 1) that were perpendicular to each other and built of dressed basalt building stones with a core of bonding material and small stones, were exposed. Wall 14 was built above an underground cavity that had a vaulted ceiling and was not excavated. No remains of floors that abutted the walls were found and the fill on either side of W13 contained fragments of bowls (Fig. 2:2–4) and cooking pots (Fig. 2:10, 11) that dated to the Ottoman period. The walls were built above a layer of pebbles and sand that contained fragments of bowls (Fig. 2:5–8), cooking pots (Fig. 2:12–15), jugs (Fig. 2:20–22) and fragments of clay pipes, all dating to the Ottoman period.
A fragment of a glazed bowl (Fig. 2:1) from the Crusader period together with a bowl (Fig. 2:9), cooking pots (Fig. 2:16–18) and jar (Fig. 2:19) that dated to the Ottoman period were found below the building’s foundations.
The walls exposed in the excavation were probably part of the Zemah Zadiq synagogue that appears a Mandatory map.