The probe trench was mostly devoid of archaeological artifacts; however, in a small section of its western part, close to the tell, an occupation level that contained a few fragments of pottery vessels from Early Bronze II was exposed at a depth of 1.5 m below the surface.
Two refuse heaps, 30 m apart, were discovered in the western part of the excavation area, north of the tell. The western heap was ascribed to the Persian period and contained fragments of imported vessels from Athens and Cyprus, along with locally produced pottery that included bowls, cooking pots, jars and lamps. The eastern heap was piled up during the Hellenistic period (Fig. 1) and included fragments of stamped amphorae from Rhodes and Kos and numerous potsherds of locally produced vessels.
The refuse heaps covered a cemetery that comprised dozens of pit graves, which were all oriented east–west and each one contained a single interment. A small flask (Fig. 2) was placed in one of the tombs; based on its form and quality of fabric, it should be dated to the Early Iron Age or the latter part of the Late Bronze Age. The rest of the tombs were ascribed to the Persian period: in three of the tombs were jars with a pointed base, a carinated shoulder, a pair of shoulder handles and a flat ring rim—features characteristic of the period; one of them was placed near the head of the deceased (Fig. 3). A single clay juglet was found in one tomb; a clay juglet and an amphoriskos were discovered in another tomb. A rich assemblage of jewelry was uncovered in three tombs in the eastern part of the cemetery. This included bronze earrings and bracelets, as well as iron rings and another metal that was not identified, possibly some kind of silver. Alongside the deceased in one of these tombs was a conical-shaped cosmetic container of bone, decorated with an engraved geometric pattern; the metal needle inside it was used for applying makeup (Fig. 4).
A pit (2 × 3 m, depth 1.5 m) lined with ashlar stones was exposed at the eastern end of the northern excavation area. A rectangular tomb (length 2.4 m, width c. 0.6 m), oriented east–west and lined and covered with ashlar stones was installed in the bottom of the pit (Fig. 5). The alignment of the tomb and its dimensions were similar to those of the other tombs from the Persian period; however, it was devoid of any artifacts. It seems that the lined pit installed above the tomb was intended to prevent the soil from caving in and covering the tomb. During the Roman period, the lined pit was cleaned and an adult individual, with glass and stone bottles placed alongside him, was interred at the bottom of the pit, atop the tomb’s cover (see Fig. 5).