Four squares were opened, revealing settlement remains that were attributed to the Besor culture, which is dated to the pre-Ghassulian Chalcolithic period (Fig. 2). Due to the limited excavation area it was impossible to determine the boundaries of the site; however, it seems to extend south and east of the investigated area. Three phases of activity were identified at the site.
The remains from the earliest phase consisted of at least two pits that were dug and lined with mud bricks: a large elliptical pit (L116/L136; diam. 4 m, thickness of mud-brick lining 0.25–0.30 m, preserved height 0.9 m) in the center of the excavation and a pit that was probably elliptical (L139; min. thickness of mud-brick lining 0.4 m, preserved height c. 0.6 m) in the northwestern part of the excavation area. Pottery and stone vessels, as well as flint implements (Fig. 3), were found on the bottom of the pits; the artifacts in Pit 139 included a concentration of grinding stones. A section of a mud-brick wall (W3; length c. 4 m, width c. 0.3 m, preserved height 0.3 m) was exposed southeast of the pits. Since no evidence of the pits’ roofing was found it seems that perishable materials, such as branches of bushes or trees, were used for this purpose.