During April 2005, a salvage excavation was conducted in Qibbuz Dafna (Permit No. A-4440; map ref. NIG 2593–5/7928–30; OIG 2093–5/2928–30), prior to construction. The excavation undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by Qibbuz Dafna, was directed by A. Mokary, with the assistance of O. Zingboym (surveying and photography).
One square was opened and its half was excavated to bedrock. Remains of a field wall (W1; min. length 2.7 m, width 0.6 m; Figs. 1, 2), preserved two courses high, were exposed at a depth of 1 m below surface. A layer of travertine covered the wall, indicating that water flowed here over a long period of time. Fragments of pottery vessels that dated to the Early Roman period were recovered from both sides of the wall.