Modern refuse, the remains of a Mandatory-era building (W1, W2) and the surface layer were removed by mechanical equipment (to a depth of 1 m). Underneath were alternating layers of sand and small stones. The upper layers in Squares 1 and 2 were horizontal; the lower layers in Square 1 sloped to the east (L53; Fig. 2: Section 2–2) and in Square 2 they were horizontal (L55).
The wide variety of pottery vessel fragments, which dated to the Early Islamic period (eighth–tenth centuries CE), included bowls (Fig. 3:1–6), small bowls (Fig 3:7, 8), cooking vessels (Fig. 3:9, 10), jars (Fig. 3:11–13), jugs (Fig. 4:1, 2), a juglet (Fig. 4:3), flasks (Fig. 4:4, 5), ceramic bars used in a kiln (Fig. 4:6–10), jar lids (Fig. 4:11, 12) and lamps (Fig. 4:13, 14).
Part of an inscription written in black ink was found on the interior upper part of one of the bowls (Fig. 3:6). The first two words are “Allah the merciful” (" اللهالرحمن"), followed by three letters of the third word ("الر..."). The reconstructed inscription reads “In the name of Allah the merciful and compassionate” (بسماللهالرحمنالرحيم).
Other artifacts included three square bronze weights (1.38 grams—Fig. 5:1; 5.68 grams— Fig. 5:2; 5.76 grams—Fig. 5:3), a fragment of a bronze cylinder (0.7 × 1.2 cm; Fig. 5:4), a hollow bronze cone (0.2 × 3.0 cm; Fig. 5:5) and two unidentified coins.