During May–June 2007, a trial excavation was conducted at Kh. Dalhamiya in the Jordan Valley (Permit No. A- 5115; map ref. NIG 253473/728713; OIG 203473/228713), following damage to antiquities during the construction of a fence. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by Meqorot, was directed by W. Atrash, with the assistance of Y. Lavan and Y. Ya‘aqobi (administration), A. Shapiro (GPS), T. Meltsen (surveying and drafting), D. Sandhouse-Re’em (ceramics) and H. Khalaily (lithic tools and vases).
Two excavation squares (A, B; Fig. 1) were opened along the southern fringes of the ruin, which descend to the south and east toward the Jordan River. Two strata were discovered. The lower stratum (II) included building remains from the Chalcolithic period and the upper one (I) comprised three layers of soil and collapse, in which potsherds from the Chalcolithic, Roman, Byzantine, Early Islamic and Mamluk periods were mixed.
Stratum II. A floor, built of fieldstones, wadi pebbles and black soil (L111; thickness 0.5 m) and founded on sterile soil (L112), was exposed in Square A (4.0 × 6.3 m). Finds from the Chalcolithic period in the black soil and between the stones included numerous flint artifacts, mostly fan scrapers and sickle knives, many fragments of stone tools, such as flat pebbles, pounding and grinding stones and basalt and limestone bowls, as well as a few potsherds. The floor was overlain with a layer of alluvium (Loci 104, 108) that contained potsherds dating to the Chalcolithic and Roman periods. A wall (W107; length c. 2.5 m, width c. 0.75 m; Fig. 2) on the northern side of the floor was built of basalt and wadi pebbles along an east–west direction. The eastern part of W107 was destroyed during the digging of a modern trench (L102), whereas its western part extended beyond the limits of the excavation.
A floor of fieldstones, wadi pebbles and black soil (L103; thickness 0.5 m) was exposed in Square B. This floor was a continuation of Floor 111 in Square A. Finds from the Chalcolithic period were discovered in the black soil and between the stones, similar to those found in Floor 111. Floor 103 was overlain with a layer of silt that contained potsherds from the Chalcolithic and Roman periods. The southern side of Floor 103 was delimited by Wall 106, oriented east–west and built of basalt fieldstones and wadi pebbles (length c. 1.5 m, width c. 0.95 m; Fig. 3). The eastern part of W106 was destroyed during the digging of a modern trench and its western part extended beyond the excavation area. South of W106 and c. 0.5 m below it, a floor of fieldstones and wadi pebbles (L110; thickness 0.4 m; Fig. 4) that was founded on sterile soil (L109), was exposed. It seems that this floor was part of a built path that led to a spring, located southwest of the excavation area. Floor 110 was overlain with a layer of alluvium (L105) that contained potsherds from the Chalcolithic and Roman periods. The water table was revealed at a depth of c. 1 m beneath Floor 110.
Stratum I (thickness 4 m). A layer of alluvium (L100; thickness 1 m) that contained potsherds from the Chalcolithic, Roman and Byzantine periods was exposed above the building remains of Stratum II. This layer was overlain with the collapse of basalt stones (thickness is 0.5 m) mixed with potsherds from the Byzantine and Early Islamic periods. A layer of soil fill and modern debris (thickness 2.5 m), which contained potsherds from the Byzantine, Early Islamic and Mamluk periods, was discovered above the stone collapse.
It seems that the site was first occupied during the Chalcolithic period and continued to exist until the beginning of Early Bronze I. Following a long hiatus, settlement activity was resumed at the site in the Roman period and continued until the Mamluk period.