Three rock-hewn winepresses (A–C) and the remains of a watchman's hut, 30–40 m apart, were excavated. A few worn potsherds that dated to the Byzantine period (fourth–sixth centuries CE) were discovered in the excavation. It seems that agricultural activity relating to the production of wine was carried out in this region during the Byzantine period.
Winepress A (Fig. 1). The winepress was hewn in bedrock surface that sloped northward. It consisted of a treading floor, a collecting vat, two settling pits and cupmarks. The rectangular treading floor (L100; 3.4 × 4.6 m, depth 0.8 m) had large stones placed along its western and southern sides to prevent alluvium from sweeping inside it. One of the stones was a broken press screw stone in secondary use. The beginning of a hewn square pit for anchoring a press screw (0.4 × 0.4 m, depth 0.4 m) was discerned in the southern side of the floor, but for some unclear reason it was never completed. Another pit (1 × 1 m, depth 0.7 m) was cut in its place, slightly to the north. It is possible that the broken press screw stone was originally placed in this pit. A hewn channel led from the treading floor to a settling pit (L110; 0.58 × 0.63 m, depth 0.45 m; Fig. 2), which was coated with gray plaster and paved with white industrial mosaic. Another channel led from the settling pit to the collecting vat (L101; 1.32 × 1.84 m, depth 1.38 m; Fig. 3), which was also coated with gray plaster and paved with white industrial mosaic. Three other straight channels extended from the treading floor to the collecting vat; the central one was open and cut in the top of the partition between the treading floor and the vat and the lateral two were hewn deeper in the partition. Two steps in the northern side of the collecting vat led down to its bottom, in which a circular sump was hewn (L102; diam. 0.78 m, depth 0.36 m; Fig. 4). A cupmark (diam. 0.35 m, depth 0.12 m) was found on the eastern side of the collecting vat and another cupmark (diam. 0.4 m, depth 0.5 cm; not marked on plan) was c. 1 m west of Settling Pit 110. The cupmarks were probably used to stand jars.
Winepress B (Fig. 5). The winepress was composed of a treading floor and an upper and lower collecting vats. The treading floor sloped northward (L103; 2.3 × 2.8 m, depth 0.5 m; Fig. 6). Two channels led from the floor to the upper collecting vat (L104; 0.7 × 1.4 m, depth 0.25 m; Fig. 7), in whose floor a round sump was hewn in the center. It seems that the lower collecting vat (L105; 0.6 × 0.9 m, depth 0.35; Fig. 8) was hewn after part of the northern side of Collecting Vat 104 had broken.
Winepress C (Fig. 9). The winepress comprised a circular treading floor (L106; 3.3 × 3.5 m, depth 0.12 m; Fig. 10) and a quadrangular collecting vat (L108; 1.4 × 1.4 m, depth 0.92 m; Fig. 11), linked by a shallow channel. A square hewn pit (0.32 × 0.32 m, depth 0.26 m) in the center of the treading floor was used to anchor a press screw. The collecting vat was plastered gray and its floor was paved with white industrial mosaic; three steps were cut in its southern side. A square sump (0.45 × 0.45 m, depth 0.35 m), also paved with mosaic, was cut in the floor of the collecting vat, to whose east were two hewn cupmarks (diam. 0.2 m, depth 0.15 m; diam. 0.25 m, depth 0.15 m) that were apparently used for standing jars. A square rock-hewn vat (0.92 × 1.10 m, depth 0.92 m), where the grapes were probably placed prior to treading, was exposed c. 1.5 m north of the winepress.
Watchman’s Hut (diam. 4.8 m; Figs. 12, 13). The watchman’s hut was at the western end of the excavation area. It was built, right above bedrock, of two rows of various size fieldstones and a soil and rubble fill between them; the hut was preserved two courses high (max. height 1.2 m). The entrance to the hut was set in the northern side and its two large stone doorjambs were preserved in situ (Fig. 14).