Two northwestern spurs that descend to Nahal Gezer were surveyed and 83 antiquities sites were recorded (Fig. 1). A hilltop is located on the northern side of the western spur, whereas the eastern spur is flat and wide. Cultivation plots that extend between the spurs were not surveyed. The soft chalk bedrock on the two spurs is covered by a layer of nari and the vegetation is herbaceous undergrowth, dominated by the spiny burnet. Large parts of the western spur were damaged during the preparation of the area, which was plowed and cleared of stones and part of its bedrock was removed to a depth of 3–4 m, causing damage to ancient installations. Nevertheless, the majority of finds concentrated on this spur, where a fairly homogeneous scattering of potsherds, partly dating to the Chalcolithic period or Early Bronze Age and partly to the Roman or Byzantine periods, was found. A few eroded potsherds were discovered on the eastern spur.
Numerous flint flakes and potsherds, fragments of basalt, flint and red granite grindstones, as well as animal bones were discerned at the southern end of the western spur, on surface and around modern pits (No. 8; map ref. NIG 19375/64050). The potsherds were dated to the Chalcolithic period or Early Bronze Age (?), Early Bronze I, Middle Bronze I (?) and Iron II. The finds visible in the sides of the pits concentrated in a light gray soil layer, 0.5 m below surface. Part of the surveyed cupmarks and installations could be ascribed to a settlement that was apparently related to the nearby Tel Gezer.
A concentration of installations, tombs, rock-cuttings, winepresses, glass artifacts, tesserae and potsherds (No. 15), including a fragment of Late Roman ware from the Roman or Byzantine periods, were documented on the hilltop of the western spur (map ref. NIG 1937/6406). It seems that these remains were related to Khirbat Yarda, located in the wadi channel and on the slope of the adjacent hill (map ref. NIG 19380/64075), where potsherds that ranged in date from the Byzantine until the Mamluk periods were collected. A heap of ashlar stones that were apparently cleared from Khirbat Yarda was documented along the northeastern fringes of the western spur and a concentration of cupmarks was discerned on the middle of the hilltop.
Other sites, outside the domain of the main sites on the two spurs, were documented:
(1) About ten oil presses, most of which were bodedot and one was a complex press with a crushing installation (Fig. 2); based on their characteristics they were dated to the Roman or Byzantine period. A rock-hewn pressing installation was also noted (Fig. 3).
(2) Several elliptical and rectangular rock-cuttings (Fig. 4) that were most likely installations.
(3) Six tombs, some on the fringes of the spurs and some on the hilltop of the western spur. Most were hewn cist tombs (Fig. 5) and a few were hewn burial caves that probably related to Khirbat Yarda or one of the nearby settlement sites. Some of the tombs utilized previous rock-cuttings.
(4) Several dozen cupmarks (diam. 30–50 cm) whose use and date is unclear; Noteworthy was a multitude of small cupmarks (diam. up to 15 cm) that appeared in groups of two or three.
(5) Several dozen flattened rock-cuttings for which the technique of severance channels to remove ashlar stones was used.