The excavation area (5 × 6 m; Fig. 1) revealed architectural remains from the Roman (Stratum IV) and Mamluk (Strata III–I) periods.
Stratum IV (Roman period). A fieldstone-built wall (W4) and a tamped chalk layer (L514; Fig. 2) were exposed. The wall was survived by its bottom course and the chalk layer was probably a floor that abutted W4 from the north. The upper layer of the floor was damaged by the Stratum III structure. Only a few bowl fragments that dated to the last phase of the Roman period were found.
Stratum III (Mamluk period). A long wide wall (W1; length 7.1 m, width 1.1 m), oriented east–west and built of fieldstones, was preserved a single course high. A light yellow, beaten-earth floor (L508) that abutted the wall from the north, as well as from the south (L503, L512; Fig. 3), was noted throughout the entire excavation area. This floor was overlaid with a large amount of pottery vessels, mainly glazed ware. Since W1 extended east and west, beyond the limits of the excavation, the two spaces to its north and south must have been large rooms. The structure was built above the Roman remains of Stratum IV.
Stratum II (Mamluk period). A layer of small stones, deposited directly above Floor 508 of Stratum III, was probably used as a foundation for a paved open courtyard (L511; 3 × 4 m; Fig. 4). The single course of W1 was incorporated, in a secondary use, within this courtyard’s pavement. Pavement 511 was preserved well north of W1 and seems to be on a higher level than the top of the wall. The outline of the courtyard could not be detected due to modern disturbances and the limited excavated area. However, the potsherds found on the courtyard floor dated to the Mamluk period.
Stratum I (Mamluk period). A badly preserved wall of three large stones (W3; length 1 m), oriented northwest–southeast, was uncovered within the surface layer in the northeast corner of the excavation. Its foundations were set on a fill (thickness 0.3 m) that covered the Stratum II courtyard. The potsherds found above it dated to the fourteenth–fifteenth centuries CE.
The pottery finds retrieved from the excavation reflect the ceramic profile of the three Mamluk strata at the site. The assemblage, typical of the fourteenth–fifteenth centuries CE, included a handmade bowl (Fig. 5:1); unglazed pottery, including a bowl (Fig. 5:2), a krater (Fig. 5:3), a jar (Fig. 5:4) and a jug (Fig. 5:5); cooking vessels, including a glazed carinated cooking bowl (Fig. 5:6) and a handmade cooking pot (Fig. 5:7); a slip-painted bowl (Fig. 5:8), green-glazed bowls of the monochrome class (Fig. 5:9, 10), which are considered as the two main bowl types of the Mamluk period; soft-paste ware (Fig. 5:11) and glazed cups (Fig. 5:12, 13).