The Circular Pool (diam. 6.5 m, max. preserved height 1.3 m). Only the southern part of the pool (L14) had survived. The pool, hewn in chalk bedrock, was lined with large ashlar stones (0.55 × 0.80 m) that were also placed along the top edge of the pool (W17). This side of the pool was coated with light gray plaster, upon which were visible water marks. The floor of the pool sloped to the west and was also coated with light gray plaster. A petrographic examination ascertained that the plaster on the side and floor of the pool was the same. The raw material used in making the plaster was indigenous to the vicinity of the site. Two to three layers of plaster were discerned in the pool, indicating that the plaster had been repaired. The eastern side of the pool was severed by the western wall of the square pool (W13; Fig. 3). On the eastern side of the floor was a layer of small and medium-sized stones that probably originated from the square pool. The soil fill discovered on the floor was mixed with potsherds that dated from the first century BCE until the first half of the fifth century CE, including fragments of Kefar Hananya-type bowls (Fig. 4:1–3), Sikhin-type jars (Fig. 4:6) and juglets (Fig. 4:7).
The Square Pool (9.2 × 11.0 m, max. preserved height 1 m) was only excavated along the walls on the inside. The pool, hewn in chalk bedrock, was lined with different size ashlar stones that included two threshold stones in secondary use. The sides of the pool were coated with three layers of plaster. The bottom one was a gray foundation layer mixed with numerous potsherds; the middle one was a white plaster layer to which a thin layer of reddish brown ochre was applied and the top layer consisted of light gray plaster. A single layer of repairs had been applied to the plaster, upon which water marks were discerned. It seems that the raw material used in the plaster originated in the vicinity of the site. The southern side of the pool (W12) was inclined inward and some of the stones in the eastern side had collapsed onto the floor, probably the result of an earthquake (Fig. 5). A small amount of plaster was discovered among the stones that collapsed. The eastern side of the pool (W15) also slanted inward. The western side (W13), which severed the circular pool, had a small rounded outlet that emptied the water in the direction of the circular pool. Two floors were exposed in the pool. The upper floor (L16) consisted of thick gray plaster applied to a bedding of small and medium fieldstones (L18); it abutted all the walls. It appears that the floor was set toward the end of the period when the pool was used because no water marks were visible on it. The upper level of Floor 16 was c. 0.3 m higher than the floor of the circular pool. The bottom floor (L19) was dark gray plaster that was applied to a bedding of small and medium fieldstones (L20), which were placed on bedrock (L21). A yellow-red layer that contained a large amount of carbon, organic material and fossilized shells was discovered on Floor 19. The ceramic finds that were found in the pool’s plaster dated to the Byzantine and Early Islamic periods and included fragments of red-burnished bowls (Fig. 4:8), glazed bowls (Fig. 4:9) and jars (Fig. 4:10–12). Many potsherds of the Roman period (first century BCE–first half of second century CE) were discovered in the fill of the pool and on surface, including bowls (Fig. 4:4) and Kefar Hananya-type cooking pots (Fig. 4:5).