Iron Age
Bedrock was a conglomerate of wadi pebbles (L7; Fig. 2). A layer of dark brown soil (Loci 5, 6) that contained potsherds from the Iron Age had accumulated on top of it. This layer was overlain by a stratum of reddish brown soil (L4) that contained potsherds from the Iron Age and several potsherds from the Hellenistic period and the Middle Bronze Age.
End of the Byzantine–Beginning of the Early Islamic Periods
Most of the excavation area was covered with floor bedding of small fieldstones (L3; Fig. 3) that was disturbed by the foundations of the new building. Part of the bedding was dismantled and the potsherds below it dated to the end of the Byzantine–beginning of the Early Islamic periods.
The floor bedding was covered with a layer of light brown soil (L2) that yielded potsherds ranging in date from the Iron Age to the Early Islamic period.