This plot is situated on a low rocky hill whose eastern and western slopes were moderate compared to its steeper southern slopes. The hill is covered with seasonal vegetation that caused difficulties in performing a systematic survey. That notwithstanding, a number of installations, wall stumps and a large stone clearance heap (5/1), whose stones were apparently gathered originally from a nearby field, were located at the top of the hill. Limestone bedrock with elongated flint lenses was exposed in several places and many natural flint chunks were scattered nearby.
Plots 6, 7
These two plots in the western part of the area differ in their soil and finds. Topographically speaking, Plot 6 is similar to the previous plots. It is leveled, except for its northeastern corner, which is in the hill area of Plot 5. On its higher part, a stone clearance heap (6/1) and the remains of a square building (6/2) nearby, are found. The flint artifacts are of average density and their concentration is well defined (c. 2 dunams). The majority of the flint is natural chunks; however, items of the Mousterian industry were also identified.
Plot 7 lies next to the approach road leading to ‘Ilut. The soil is a dark colored sediment and judging by the nature of the finds (Pottery Neolithic), it seems that this plot is, in fact, the continuation of the Giv‘at Rabbi site, west of the road.
This plot is parallel to Plot 1 in the southern part of the surveyed area. Crossing the center of the plot is a broad, east–west oriented, drainage ditch, which was mostly dug in heavy clayey soil (terra rossa), but has a pale yellow spot that stands out prominently in its middle, which contained a large amount of flint (8/1). An examination of the spot raised the possibility that this was an ancient stream channel that flowed from south to north and mostly drained flint into it. Analysis of the flint revealed that this was a homogenous assemblage that included cores (Fig. 3), waste material and numerous tools from the Middle Paleolithic period (the Mousterian culture). The flint was not abraded and its sharp ends indicate that the Mousterian site was most likely in the immediate vicinity of the stream, whose channel probably flowed into the area of the site.
Plots 9, 10
These two plots, on the southern side of the surveyed area, are cultivated and have a thick clayey soil (in excess of 2 m deep); both plots have no archaeological remains.
Three important prehistoric sites and numerous flint localities were documented in the survey:
(1) A unique knapping site from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B in Plots 3 and 4. The finds in the waste pits provide an excellent tool for the reconstruction of the knapping technologies during the PPNB.
(2) A Pre-Pottery Neolithic and Pottery Neolithic site in Plot 7 and in part of Plot 6, most likely along the eastern fringes of the Giv‘at Rabbi-‘Ilut site. The new road divided between the western and eastern parts of the site.
(3) A well-defined locality in Plot 8 with finds from the Mousterian culture.