During September–October 2006, a salvage excavation was conducted in the Feja neighborhood of Petah Tiqwa (Permit No. A-4912; map ref. NIG 19102–7/66585–9; OIG 14102–7/16585–9), after antiquities were damaged during construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Petah Tiqwa municipality, was directed by E. Haddad, with the assistance of E. Bachar (administration), A. Hajian (surveying and drafting), Y. Nagar (physical anthropology), C. Amit (studio photography), E.J. Stern (identification of a lamp fragment), O. Shorr (restoration), M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing) and N. Katznelson (glass).
Two adjacent squares (R1, R2; Figs. 1, 2) were excavated next to 31 David Remez Street, located to the east. Building remains that dated to the Early Islamic period were exposed.
Remains of a floor that consisted of large fieldstones (L107; 2.0 × 3.5 m; Fig. 3) were found in the southern square (R1). The western side of Floor 107 was delimited by large stones. The floor continued eastward, beyond the limits of the excavation. Sealed potsherds and fragments of glass vessels were discovered beneath Floor 107 (L122). The potsherds, the latest of which dated to the Early Islamic period (eighth–tenth centuries CE), included a bowl from the Late Roman period (Fig. 4:1), a yellow glazed bowl with green and brown splashes (Fig. 4:2), a bag-shaped jar with a slight thickening on the neck from the Byzantine period (Fig. 4:3), a jug of buff ware (Fig. 4:4) and a mold-made jug fragment of buff-colored clay (Fig. 4:5), all dating to the Abbasid period. The meager glass artifacts mostly dated to the end of the Byzantine and the beginning of the Umayyad periods, including two small loop handles, several rims of small bottles and the neck of a bottle decorated with a thick, wavy trail, which was characteristic of the seventh–eighth centuries CE.
Floor remains of small and medium-sized stones (L127; 1.2 × 1.5 m; Fig. 5) were exposed c. 0.7 m west of Floor 107 and 0.4 m lower than its level. A square installation (?; 0.6 × 0.6 m; not marked on plan) was discovered c. 10 cm above Floor 127. It was built of several fieldstones placed at one level and enclosed a square earthen niche (0.3 × 0.3 m). It seems that no connection existed between Floor 127 and the installation, whose function is unclear. A wall stump (W113), oriented northwest-southeast, was exposed in the northwestern part of the square. It was survived by two building stones and a row of small fieldstones to their south. Wall 113 was abutted from the north by a bedding of stream pebbles that apparently extended farther to the north and west and from the south by a bedding of small fieldstones (width c. 0.7 m).
The bottom part of a refuse pit that dated to the Ottoman period was exposed in the northern square (R2). The pit’s outline was unclear. Light gray sandy soil, which contained potsherds and a few animal bones, was excavated in the pit. The ceramic artifacts included bowls from the Early Islamic period (Fig. 6:1, 2), vessels from the twelfth–thirteenth centuries CE, including a glazed yellow bowl with an incised decoration that may represent a Latin letter (Fig. 6:3), cooking pots (Fig. 6:4, 5), a fragment of a glazed lamp with a long nozzle decorated with painted stripes (Fig. 6:6) and a rim fragment of a Gaza-type krater dating to the Ottoman period (Fig. 6:7). A segment of a wall (W125) below the sandy soil in the pit was oriented northeast-southwest. A probe trench excavated north of W125 contained stone collapse and potsherds from the end of the Byzantine period and the Early Islamic period. Virgin soil was discovered beneath the stone collapse.