The Early Phase (3).
Pottery and stone vessels, as well as flint and animal bones, which had accumulated in natural hollows in the loess soil, were found in each of the excavation squares; these remains pointed to activity that preceded construction at the site.
The Second Phase (2). Remains of buildings and occupation levels were found in each of the squares. These mostly comprised mud-brick collapse of buildings that did not survive. Unmistakable mud-brick collapse was primarily exposed in Squares 1 and 2; the lines of two walls of a mud-brick building could be reconstructed in Square 1. A sloping foundation that was built of pebbles and small stones and conformed to the ancient topography was exposed in Square 4. A pit lined with segments of mud brick (Fig. 1), which contained numerous animal bones, was discovered in Square 5. The foundation course of a long massive wall (exposed length 6.5 m, width 0.70–0.85 m), abutted by a floor from the west, was exposed in Squares 6 and 7; the wall was built of large wadi pebbles (Fig. 2) and its superstructure was probably composed of mud bricks. This wall was uneven and its construction corresponded to the ancient topography.
The Late Phase (1). Scant remains overlying those of Phase 2 were found: an occupation level of wadi pebbles in Square 4 and an installation, or wall, also built of wadi pebbles, in Square 5. The poor state of preservation was the result of intensive plowing.
Finds. Many pottery vessels were exposed, including jars with loop or strap handles, hole-mouths jars with up-right sides, bowls, kraters, churns and goblets. The flint tools included sickle blades and a rare flint adze. The stone objects included grinding and pounding vessels of various stones and basalt chalices. Clay figurines of animals (Fig. 3) and clay loom weights were also discovered.
Numerous animal bones were found, including those of pigs, goats, sheep and larger ruminants. No fundamental differences were discerned between the finds of the three phases at the site, which is dated to the Early Chalcolithic period, based on the pottery assemblage that is ascribed to the Besor culture.