The southern side of a short wall section was discovered in the southwestern corner of the square. It was built of partly dressed fieldstones that were bonded with gray mortar (W14; Fig. 2). A coating of white mortar with ribbed potsherds and whitish pink plaster was traced on the wall. A cluster of stones (L111) was exposed at the same elevation east of W14. The meager finds from the vicinity of the wall (L110) included a bowl (Fig. 3:1) that dated to the Early Islamic period.
Based on the type of plaster, the potsherds mixed in the mortar and the plaster on the wall and the scant ceramic finds, it is assumed that the wall was used from the end of the Byzantine until the Early Islamic periods (eighth–ninth centuries CE).
A rectangular pillar (W13; 1.5 × 1.9 m; Fig. 4) that was built on top of W14 and L111 of Stratum IV was exposed in the western part of the square. The pillar had straight sides and was built of medium-sized fieldstones with light colored mortar.
Ceramic and glass artifacts, including bowls (Fig. 3:2, 3) that dated to the Middle Ages (fourteenth–fifteenth centuries CE) were discovered in the fill south of the pillar (L108). Potsherds from the same period, among them a bowl (Fig. 3:4) and glazed fragments (Fig. 5:1, 2) were discovered at a similar elevation in the fill at the eastern part of the square (L103). Although no level or floor that abutted the pillar were found, thus making it impossible to determine its construction date, the pillar’s stratigraphic location between Strata IV and II and the ceramic finds discovered alongside it allow us to suggest that it was built in the Middle Ages.
Two pillars or massive walls that resembled each other in their construction and the depth of their foundations were discovered; one was in the northwest (W12; thickness more than 1 m) and the other in the southeast (W15). The foundation of Pillar 12 destroyed the upper part of Pillar 13 from Stratum III; hence it was built after the Stratum III structure was no longer in use. Pillar 12 was abutted from the north by a floor (L112; length c. 3 m) that continued to the east along the northern side of the pit. The floor consisted of two layers of gray mortar, covered with finely smoothed plaster (thickness per layer 3.5 cm; Fig. 6), which probably represent two phases of use. The same kind of plaster was used to coat Pillar 12.
The finds in the fill below Floor 112 and between the stones of Pillar 15 (L102) contained a bowl (Fig. 3:5) and a glazed potsherd (Fig. 5:3) that dated to the Ottoman period (eighteenth–nineteenth centuries CE).
A room (min. dimensions 5.0 × 5.5 m) delimited by massive stone walls on the east (W10) and south (W11) was discovered. The walls were oriented differently than the walls in Stratum II and therefore the northeastern corner of Pillar 12 from Stratum II was destroyed. An entrance was identified in the eastern wall where the southern doorjamb and bottom hinge of the door were exposed. The room had a plaster floor (L101) whose remains were observed along all sides of the square, apart from the southwestern side. Floor 101 was similar to Floor 112 of Stratum II and the plaster that coated the walls of the room was also of the same components. Based on the finds recovered above and below Floor 101, the room was built and used at the end of the Ottoman period (beginning of the twentieth century CE).