Treading Floor. A shallow treading floor with rounded edges (L1; 1.0×1.8 m, depth 0.1 m; Fig. 3) is located on the northern fringes of a large winepress (L2). Based on its shape, it is probably a Ta‘ankh-type winepress dating to Middle Bronze Age II, the likes of which were found and documented on the grounds of the Qibbuz.
Winepress. A square treading floor (L2; 3.65×3.70 m, depth c. 0.70–0.75 m; Fig. 4) and a square collecting vat (L3; length 2.1 m, depth 2.4 m, capacity c. 9,500 liters) located along the floor’s western side. The side that separated the treading floor from the collecting vat was lower than the other sides of the treading floor and at its bottom are two adjacent through-holes (diam. 2–3 cm, length 10 cm; Fig. 5) that drained the liquid into the collecting vat. Two steps (height of bottom step 0.3 m, and top step 0.58 m; Fig. 6) were built in the southeastern corner of the collecting vat and a ledge was hewn on its western and southern sides (c. 1.4 m from the bottom of the vat, c. 0.6 m from the top of the vat).
On the basis of its dimension, it seems that a large quantity of must was produced in this winepress.
No potsherds that can assist in dating the installation were found; however, based on its shape it can be assumed that it was hewn in the Roman or Byzantine periods (third–sixth centuries CE). The quarrying of the winepress damaged the Ta‘ankh-type winepress (L1).
When Qibbuz Yif‘at was founded, its residents used the exposed collecting vat of Winepress 2 as an irrigation pool. The bottom of the treading floor and the walls of the collecting vat were coated with plaster and cement and a metal pipe was installed in the western wall of the collecting vat, conveying water from the pool to the Qibbuz’ vegetable garden at a lower level on the hillside.
Quarries. Two building-stone quarries (L4, L5) were located east of the winepress. It is possible to reconstruct the size of the stones removed from the quarries based on the deep separating channels that remained in the bedrock. Two sizes of building stones were hewn (0.65×0.95 m, height 0.3 m; 0.95×1.40 m, height 0.45 m) in the southeastern quarry (L4; Fig. 7). The northeastern quarry (L5; 0.95×1.70 m, depth 0.35 m; Fig. 8) was not as well preserved and large building stones were measured in it.
The winepresses, consisting of an earlier Ta‘ankh-type winepress (L1), many of which were found on the grounds of the Qibbuz, and the winepress from the Roman or Byzantine periods (L2), indicate that a wine industry operated at the site.