Stratum III. A kurkar stone quarry that continued south and east beyond the excavation limits was exposed in Areas A and B. Rock-cuttings of stones were discovered in all of the excavation squares in Area A; the quarrying was carried out from east to west and from north to south. Six quarrying steps (Fig. 4) with walls that were usually vertical were revealed in Squares A1–A3. The steps bore marks of quarried stones (0.4 × 0.5 × 0.6 m) as well as partially quarried and detached stones (Fig. 5). In Squares A4 and A5, two quarrying steps were discovered with vertical bedrock walls (Fig. 6). At the bottom of the quarry was a layer of compacted quarrying debris (thickness 0.4 m), thus it may be assumed that the final treatment of the stones was done within the quarry. The excavation in this quarry was not completed. Evidence of rock-cuttings of kurkar stones was discerned in a trench in Area B. Both the trench and the stones were damaged by modern-day work conducted there (Fig. 7).
Stratum II. A soil fill was deliberately deposited over the quarry (L106, L107, L116, L117; see Fig. 3: Section 1–1; Fig. 8). The fill contained collapsed kurkar stones, animal bones, tesserae, numerous glass finds from the Late Roman and Byzantine periods (see Appendix) and fragments of pottery vessels dating from the Roman period to the beginning of the Early Islamic period. The ceramic finds include fragments of pottery vessels from the Roman period—a krater (Fig. 9:1), bag-shaped jars (Fig. 9:2, 3) and a jug (Fig. 9:4); pottery sherds from the Byzantine period—a casserole (Fig. 9:5), a cooking pot (Fig. 9:6), costal bag-shaped jar (Fig. 9:7), as well as a Galilee jar (Fig. 9:8), a Gaza jar (Fig. 9:9), a saqiye jar (Fig. 9:10), two intact round lamps (Fig. 10:1, 2) from the fourth–fifth centuries CE and two intact elongated lamps (Fig. 10:3, 4) from the sixth–seventh centuries CE; and several bag-shaped jars (Fig. 9:11) from the beginning of the Early Islamic period (second half of the seventh century CE). It seems that the fill was part of a refuse pit at the margins of the settlement.
Stratum I. A round opening of a cistern (L100; Fig. 11) was exposed in Square A1. The lower part of the opening was hewn in the kurkar bedrock, and its upper part was built of kurkar stones. The cistern was documented but not excavated. Fragments of pottery vessels from the Ottoman period, including a Gaza ware jug (Fig. 9:12), were discovered in the vicinity of the cistern and probably date the installation.