During April 2003, a salvage excavation was conducted along the eastern slope of Giv‘at Homa (Permit No. A-3882*; map ref. NIG 221174/62666; OIG 171174/125666), in the wake of development work and construction of the Har Homa neighborhood. The excavation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority, was directed by K. Ben-Or, with the assistance of R. Abu-Halaf (administration), V. Pirsky (surveying and drafting) and L. Barda (GPS).
A rock-hewn winepress was exposed on the eastern slope of the hill (Fig. 1). The bedrock wall that enclosed it from the southwest was missing.
All the winepress components (Fig. 2), namely a treading floor, a settling basin and a collecting vat, were found. The square treading floor (L1002; 4 × 4 m, depth 0.95 m) had a hewn perforation (width 0.6 m) in its southeastern corner, which led through a sloping hewn passage to the settling basin.
The square settling basin (L1004; 1 × 1 m, depth 0.93) had a hewn semicircular settling pit (diam. 0.3 m, depth 0.12 m) in its southeastern corner, as well as a hewn gutter (Fig. 2; Section 2-2), leading to the collecting vat (L1003).
The collecting vat was to the east of and separated from the treading floor by a rock-hewn partition. Its top was square (1.2 × 1.2 m, depth 0.3 m), although the vat itself was bell-shaped and coated with brown plaster (max. width at bottom of vat 2 m). A semicircular settling pit (diam. 0.4 m) was cut in the southeastern corner of the vat’s floor and in the northeastern corner of the opening was a circular perforation (diam. 0.05 m) that led into the vat.
A hewn and leveled rock surface (width 0.6 m) surrounded the settling basin and the collecting vat.