Water Cisterns
The water cisterns were hewn in bedrock and some were lined with built walls: Cistern 101 (3.2 × 5.0 m, height 1.5 m; Figs. 3, 4), Cistern 102 (3.0 × 3.8 m, height 2.9 m; Figs. 3, 5), Cistern 103 (2.15 × 2.60 m, height 2.25 m; Figs. 6, 7), Cistern 104 (1.05 × 3.05 m, height 2.7 m; Figs. 8, 9) and Cistern 105 (3.1 × 3.4 m, height 2.75 m; Figs. 10, 11).
The inner face of the walls in Cisterns 102–105 was built of large stones and the face against bedrock was built of small and medium-sized stones (width 0.20–0.45 m). The northwestern (0.15 × 1.10 m) and southeastern sides (0.40 × 1.15 m) of Cistern 101 were built of small and medium-sized stones. Wall 1 in Cistern 102 was dismantled, exposing bedrock that was hewn to conform to the masonry stones placed on it. Remains of vaulted ceilings built of large flat stones were exposed in all the cisterns, except for Cistern 101. The floors of the cisterns sloped in different directions. The bonding material consisted of earth and lumps of white lime; it had an orange hue and a soft texture. All the cisterns were coated with four plaster layers. The first and lowest layer was soft gray plaster mixed with lumps of lime and charcoal. The second layer included small stones that lined the gray plaster. The third layer was white lime, which contained ground red and black potsherds/roof tiles and had a soft texture. The fourth and upper layer was a very thin application (max. thickness of 2 mm) of hard gray cement. The cisterns were devoid of datable artifacts, yet contained construction refuse.
Hewn Chamber
The chamber, which was mostly bedrock hewn (L108; 1.9 × 2.9 m, preserved height 1 m; Figs. 3, 12), was exposed southwest of Cistern 102. It had three hewn sides, a bedrock floor that sloped to the northeast and three rock-cut steps (length 0.9–1.1 m, width 0.4–0.7 m) that led to it from the southeast. The chamber’s northeastern wall (W2b-c), shared with Cistern 102, was built of three sections. The northwestern section (W2a; length 1.2 m, width 0.4 m), was adjacent to the hewn bedrock side of Cistern 102; its outer face was built of large stones and its inner face was a fill of small and medium-sized stones. The two other sections were built within the hewn chamber. The two sides of the middle section (W2b; length 1.6 m, width 0.4 m) were preserved six courses high and not supported by bedrock. The courses of the outer side, which faced the cistern, were built of large dressed stones and the inner face consisted of small and medium-sized roughly hewn masonry stones. The southeastern section (W2c; length 1.2 m, width 0.35 m), preserved four courses high, was built of two rows of large, roughly hewn masonry stones.