During March 2006 a salvage excavation was conducted at Kh. er-Rām (Permit No. A-4765*; map ref. NIG 221617/639509; OIG 171617/139509), due to damage caused to the site during work on the separation fence. The excavation, carried out on behalf of the Antiquities Authority and financed by the Ministry of Defense, was directed by I. Zilberbod, with the assistance of R. Abu Halaf (administration), V. Essman and V. Pirsky (surveying), T. Sagiv (photography), Z. Havkin and N. Epstein (security) and N. Zak (drafting).
Remains of an ancient road (Figs. 1, 2), aligned east–west, were exposed on the slope of a hill; a continuous segment of the road was preserved for a distance of 24 m (width 3.5–5.0 m). Along the southern side of the road was a curb (W1; width 0.95 m) built of two rows of medium-to-large sized stones with a core of small stones and soil, founded partly on bedrock and partly on a bedding of earth. The top of the curb protruded 0.3–0.5 m above surface. The northern curb (W2) was a bedrock ledge that formed the line of a wall without any additional construction. Between the curbs a layer of brown earth and small stones (0.10–0.25 m) that contained worn potsherds from the Early Roman period was exposed.
The remains of a small winepress with treading floor and a collecting vat (Figs. 1, 3) were discovered c. 5 m south of the western end of the section of the ancient road. The hewn treading floor was preserved c. 1 m long and c. 0.15 m high in its southeastern corner only (L6). North and west of it the bedrock was exposed with natural depressions and groovest, without any signs of quarrying.
The square collecting vat (L8; 1.9 × 2.0 m, depth 1.3 m), located east of the treading floor, was hewn in hard limestone bedrock; remains of light gray plaster were preserved on its sides and bottom. In the southern corner of the floor was an elliptical rock-hewn settling depression (L12; diam. 0.35 m, depth 0.30 m). The connection between the treading floor and the collecting vat was not preserved. Potsherds dating to the Early Roman period were recovered from the collecting vat.
South of the collecting vat, a row of stones that probably belonged to the southern wall (W3) of the winepress, was revealed .