In April–May 2015, a trial excavation was conducted slightly west of Nahal Yitnan, near the Bedouin settlement Abu Qurinat (Permit No. A-7376; map ref. 196533/559877; Fig. 1), prior to the development of a new residential neighborhood in the community. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by CPM Construction Management Company Ltd., was directed by D. Yegorov (photography) with the assistance of Y. Al-ʽAmor (administration), S. Gal (GPS) and M. Kunin, A. Hajian and M. Kahan (surveying and drafting).
Area A (60 sq m; Fig. 3), on the hilltop, yielded an extremely dense scattering of flaked flint items on the surface. The area was excavated to a depth of just 0.3 m until reaching bedrock, and flint items were found; the number of flints diminished as the excavation deepened. The artifacts collected from the excavation and the surface included flake and blade cores, a large quantity of debitage, a fragment of a proper tool (chisel) and several ad hoc tools (Fig. 4). Just a single fragment of an ancient non-diagnostic pottery vessel was found. Most of the lithic assemblage dated probably to the Early Bronze Age.
Areas B and C (116 sq m; Figs. 5, 6), both on the southern slope of the hill next to the streambed, yielded a thin layer of tamped loess (thickness c. 0.15 m), mixed with numerous flaked flint items including cores, flakes and points knapped in Levallois technique, attributed to the Middle Palaeolithic Mousterian culture (Figs. 7, 8).
The excavation results indicate that the site was inhabited during the Middle Paleolithic and probably the Early Bronze Age, probably because of the easily accessible raw material used in the production of flint tools.