Quarrying steps (Fig. 3, 4) and chisel marks of variously-sized stones (0.7 × 0.8 m, 0.7 × 0.9 m, 0.7 × 1.1 m, 0.7 × 1.4 m, 0.9 × 1.2 m; Figs. 5, 6) were found. A boulder bearing no signs of hewing was found in one of the excavation squares (L101) and meager evidence of quarrying was noted in the other square (L103; Fig. 7). Fragments of pottery vessels were recovered from the floor of the quarry, including Iron Age II kraters (Fig. 8:1, 2) and jars (Fig. 8:3), jars (Fig. 8:4–7) from the Second Temple period, a bowl (Fig. 8:8) and jars (Fig. 8:9, 10) from the Byzantine period and a bowl (Fig. 8:11) from the Early Islamic period. Five Hasmonean-period bronze coins were also found on the quarry floor, including two coins of Antiochus III (IAA 157358, 157361), an imitation coin of Alexander Jannaeus (IAA 157360) and two general Hasmonean coins (IAA 157357, 157359). A broken metal plate (length 6.5 cm, width 3 cm, thickness 0.5 cm; Fig. 9) was also uncovered. Several such plates were found in the excavation of a quarry at Ramat Shelomo in Jerusalem (Zilberbod 2014
). These plates, often referred to in Hebrew as lichayim
or ‘cheeks’, were inserted together with iron stakes inside the severance channels in the quarries and were used to detach the stones from the bedrock (Sasson, Sion and Barda 2012
:267). The finds revealed on the quarry floor were disturbed in the modern era, but the ceramics and coins indicate that the quarry operated during the Second Temple period.
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Sasson A, Sion O and Barda L. 2012. Quarrying and Quarries in North Jerusalem during the Second Temple Period. In E. Baruch, A. Levy-Reifer and A. Faust eds. New Studies on Jerusalem 17. Ramat Gan. Pp. 265–286 (Hebrew).
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