Elliptical rock-hewn troughs were found at nine sites (1, 16, 17, 21, 23, 26, 28, 29, 35; Fig. 2). Cupmarks were found at seven sites (12, 14, 15, 18, 19, 20. 25: Figs. 3, 4).
Walls dating to the Mamluk period were found at six sites (3, 4, 7, 8, 22, 36) and at Site 9, which is in the area that had previously been excavated.
Eight burial caves were found at four sites (5, 6, 13, 34); five of the caves are located at Site 13. The cave at Site 34 had previously been used as a winepress.
Four quarries were found (10. 11, 24, 31; Fig. 5), as well as a quarry where a memmel was hewn (30; Fig. 6).
Two rock-hewn winepresses (32, 34; Fig. 7) and a Ta‘anakh type winepress (27; Fig. 8) were found; the latter is dated, based on parallels, to the Middle Bronze Age (N. Getzov, K. Covello-Paran and Y. Tepper 2011. The Ta‘anach Wine Press – Evidence of a Wine Industry in the Middle Bronze Age in the Jezreel Valley. Eretz Israel 30:145–155 [Hebrew]).
In addition, a rock-hewn cistern (33) and a flint scatter (2; Fig. 9) were found.
Just one installation was noted in the eastern part of the surveyed area, which is characterized by hard dolomite; settlement remains and most of the hewn installations were found in the western part of the area, which is characterized by soft limestone bedrock that is easily quarried.
Other remains from the settlement site that had been excavated (HA-ESI 118
) were discovered in the survey. Most of the remains belonged to the settlement’s agricultural hinterland and included farming installations related to oil and wine production. The burial caves also belonged to the area bordering on the settlement. The presence of the Ta‘anakh type winepress allows us to extend the distribution area of this winepress type to the northern fringes of the Lower Galilee.