During May–June 2005, a salvage excavation was conducted along the western slope of Tamra village in Ramat Issachar (Permit No. A-4492; map ref. 23820/72660), prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the contractor, was directed by Y. Tepper, with the assistance of Y. Lavan (administration), V. Essman and V. Pirsky (surveying), A. Shapiro (GPS), H. Smithline (field photography), D. Syon (metal detection) and E.J. Stern (pottery reading).
Stratum II. Remains of three cells, aligned north–south, were exposed; at the southern end of each cell was a plastered vat. Part of a surface, probably the floor of the winepress’ collecting vat, was exposed south of the cells at a lower level. The winepress’ floors consisted of white industrial mosaic and probe trenches dug in the floors yielded pottery from the Byzantine period.
Stratum I. The tops of walls and habitation levels, which negated the division of the cells from the previous layer, were exposed on the floors of the winepress. The pottery found on the floors included cooking pots and jars that dated no later than the ninth century CE.
It seems that the winepress was used in the Byzantine period until it was negated by the construction of a dwelling above it during a phase that was dated to the Abbasid period.