The kiln was a round rock-hewn pit (upper diam. 3.8 m, depth 2.7 m; Figs. 2, 3); its walls became wider toward the top and its floor was flat (L9). Wall 100 (Fig. 4), built of two rows of various-sized stones bonded with mortar, was exposed in the upper part of the kiln; it was preserved to a maximum height of two courses. It seems that W100 was the base of a dome that covered the kiln. A firebox (L6; diam. 2.95 m; Fig. 5) was located in the lower part of the kiln; the bedrock wall in this part of the kiln was lined with various-sized stones (W101). Wall 101 was partially preserved to a maximum height of eight courses. A trapezoidal ventilation opening (L8; length 0.25–0.45 m, height 0.3 m; Fig. 6) was built in the southwestern side of W101. Two large stones placed directly above the opening might have been part of another, upper opening that has not survived. Kilns equipped with several ventilation openings were a common phenomenon; recently, a kiln with two such openings was unearthed at Ramat Bet Shemesh (Storchan 2012). A slanted rock-cut ventilation channel (L5; length 2.72 m, average width 0.55 m; Fig. 7) led to the opening. Ash and lime were discovered inside the firebox. The construction method suggests that the limekiln was built in the Ottoman period.