Khan (Site 91). The khan, in the northwestern part of the survey area, dates to the Ottoman period and is apparently connected to the road that was referred to as ‘Darb el-Hawarna’. It could be identified by the concentrations of fieldstones and roughly hewn stones that preserved the lines of the walls (Fig. 2). This is a large square building and its rooms were arranged around a central courtyard. Cisterns and remains of other buildings were inside the courtyard; it was not possible to determine if they were used by the khan itself or belonged to another period.
Buildings and Walls (Sites 6, 22, 27, 29, 40, 44, 46, 47, 57, 80). This group comprised three kinds of construction: fieldstone-built structures of various sizes and shapes (Fig. 3); farming terraces (Fig. 4); and farming terrace retaining walls (Fig. 5). Most of the buildings and walls could not be dated due to the dense vegetation and the inability to gather potsherds. However, since the building material, construction methods and layout differ from the remains ascribed to the Ottoman period, they were probably from another period.
Muslim Burial Areas (Sites 7–18, 33, 43, 53, 54, 62–64, 69, 70, 72–74). Eight areas of Muslim burials were found, mostly on the northern hill around the Ottoman khan. Well-built graves were identified in the burial areas, although some of them had survived only by one side. In addition, clusters of fieldstones arranged in a rectangular shape and oriented east–west, were noted. The burial areas are typified by a scattering of many small and medium-sized fieldstones (Fig. 6).
Caves (Sites 21, 49). A depression (diam. c. 3 m) that probably represents a cave’s ceiling, which collapsed inside, was found (Fig. 7). A very large pit in the ground was discerned elsewhere. An archaeological excavation is required to determine whether these are archaeological remains or natural features.
Rock-cut Cisterns (Sites 20, 23, 28, 32, 37, 45, 51, 59, 84). Nine rock-cut cisterns that concentrated on the northern hill around the Ottoman khan were discerned. Their bottom parts were bedrock hewn and the upper parts were built of fieldstones or ashlars. Most of the cisterns have a concrete capstone (Fig. 8).
Pool or Reservoir (Site 52; Fig. 9). An opening of a pool or a plastered reservoir was identified next to the western side of the khan.
Stone Clearance Heaps (Sites 24, 35, 41, 42, 67, 68, 71, 81, 82, 90). Heaps of small, medium and large fieldstones, probably a by-product of clearing the fields, were discovered (Fig. 10).
Rock-cuttings (Sites 1–5, 19, 60). The rock-cuttings were found primarily in the northeastern part of the area. They are mostly quarries hewn in the nari for the purpose of extracting building stones.
Winepresses (Sites 25, 30). Remains of treading floors that belonged to simple winepresses, hewn in nari, were discovered.
The finds in the surveyed area are indicative of two main activities: those connected to the road and the nearby khan and those associated with agriculture. The burials, cisterns and pool next to the khan are assumed to have been associated with it. The farming terraces, enclosure walls that delimited cultivation plots, stone clearance heaps, and winepresses are related to the agricultural activity in the area. One can assume that the identified buildings were isolated farmhouses that served the farmers and were and not part of aconcentrated settlement.