During May 2005 a salvage excavation was conducted along the route of the separation fence in the Yattir Forest (Permit No. A- 4485*; map ref. NIG 20115–21/58515–25; OIG 15115–21/08515–25). The excavation, on behalf of the Antiquities Authority and financed by the Ministry of Defense, was directed by N.S. Paran, with the assistance of H. Lavi (administration), A. Hajian (surveying and drafting) and M. Haiman (photography).
Three walls (W1–W3; Fig. 1), two farming terrace walls (W1, W3) and an enclosure wall of a cultivation plot (W2), were excavated. These walls were part of an extensive complex of terrace walls, enclosure walls and installations connected with agriculture in the southern Hebron Highlands. Wall 1 (length 22 m, exposed length 8 m, with 0.8 m; Fig. 2) was built of large fieldstones in a wadi channel, founded partly on bedrock and partly on soil and stones. It was generally oriented east–west and preserved three–four courses high (1.0–1.2 m). The bottom part of the wall was built of two rows of stone (height 0.6–0.8 m) and its upper part consisted of a single row of stones. Wall 2 was c. 5 m north of the western end of W1. It seems this was a short section of an enclosure fence that delineated a cultivation plot in the wadi channel. The wall (length 1.7 m, width 0.9 m) was founded mostly on bedrock and a small part of it rested on soil and small stones. It was built of fieldstones and preserved two–three courses high (0.8–1.0 m). Some 30 m north of W2 another section of the fence was visible. Wall 3 (length 35 m, exposed at length 5 m; Fig. 3), built along a slope that descended westward to the wadi channel, was c. 40 m northeast of W1. Most of the wall was set directly on bedrock and in places where it dipped the wall was founded on soil and small stones. It was built of fieldstones and oriented northwest–southeast. A fill of small stones (width 1.2 m), which was probably used to level the terrace, ran parallel to the northeastern side of the wall. A few potsherds, mostly ribbed and non-diagnostic, were discovered in the three excavated walls.