Area A
Sections of two straight walls, oriented northwest-southeast, were exposed in the northwestern corner of the excavation; the walls were parallel to the contour lines (Fig. 5). The western wall (W1; length c. 3.5 m width c. 0.6 m) was built of one row of large fieldstones. The eastern wall (W2; length c. 9 m, width c. 1 m), exposed southeast of W1, was built of two rows of small and medium fieldstones. The two walls were constructed on top of leveled bedrock surfaces. Remains of tamped earthen floors (L104–L106, L108) and small stones (L107, L109, L110) were exposed near the walls.
Fragments of pottery and glass vessels, dating from the Early Roman and Late Byzantine periods, were among the finds collected above the floors.
Area B
Remains of two parallel walls, constructed on top of leveled bedrock surfaces, were exposed (Fig. 6). The western wall (W4) was exposed for a distance of 7.5 m and included two construction phases. The upper part (width c. 0.4 m) was built of small and medium stones along the line of W1 from Area A and both were apparently parts of the same wall. The ancient bottom part (width c. 0.5 m) was built of large fieldstones on top of the bedrock and had a slightly different direction. The eastern wall (W5; length c. 4 m, width c. 0.4 m) was built of one row of fieldstones on top of bedrock.
Several floors of tamped earth and crushed chalk were exposed (L118–L121), but the connection between the walls and the floors was unclear. They were incorporated in straight bedrock surfaces and the depressions and cracks in between were filled and paved with small stones (L122–L125). Pottery of the “Southern” family, including storage jars, various table wares, cooking pots and oil lamps, characteristic of the Intermediate Bronze Age, were found on the floors, as well as flint tools, including numerous sickle blades, grinding stones, round stone pounders and several animal bones.
Area C
The area was considerably lower than Areas A and B, and walls and floors from several periods were partially exposed (Fig. 7). A massive terrace wall (W3; length c. 13 m, width c. 0.9 m) built of large stones and set on the bedrock was revealed in the eastern part of the area. West of it, the top of a wall built of a single row of medium-sized fieldstones (W7; length c. 6 m, width c. 0.5 m), was exposed.
The remains of stone and tamped earth floors (L163, L169) were uncovered west of W3.
The excavation was not completed and the stratigraphic relationship between the floors and the walls is unclear. Pottery from the Intermediate Bronze Age and Middle Bronze Age II, flint tools and a scarab ascribed to the Middle Bronze Age IIC (Fig. 8) were discovered above the floors. Iron Age II pottery was discovered in the soil fill that abutted W3. Stone fill containing a large amount of potsherds from Middle Bronze Age IIC and Late Bronze Age I and II was discovered below the soil. The provenance of these finds was probably a tomb that had been dismantled when the terrace was constructed in the Iron Age, and the finds are not in situ.
Habitation remains from the Intermediate Bronze Age, Middle and Late Bronze Ages and Iron Age II were discovered in the excavation of Areas B and C. It seems that this settlement also stretched north and south of these areas.
Only field walls from the Early Roman and Late Byzantine periods were discovered in Area A, in the northwestern part of the excavation.
Toward the end of the Byzantine period, following a long settlement hiatus, the site was apparently turned into a cultivation plot along Jerusalem’s eastern boundary and stone walls from previous periods were dismantled to be constructed as farming terrace that crossed the area from north to south.