Stratum IV. A floor that sloped sharply to the north was exposed in the eastern part of the area. It consisted of lumps of clay and plaster, coarse white tesserae and small stones—material that probably originated from a dismantled plastered installation. The floor was severed by a large (refuse?) pit that contained an accumulation of earth and potsherds dating to the fourth–fifth centuries CE. Another similar pit, which contained ceramic artifacts from the fourth–fifth centuries CE, was discovered in the northern section of the excavation, c. 30 m north of the first pit.
Stratum IIIb. Building remains from the seventh–eighth centuries CE were discovered in the western squares of the excavation. Two robbed walls that formed a corner were exposed. The walls were abutted from the east by floors of tamped crushed chalk. Remains of a light colored floor whose eastern part was overlain with a burnt layer were revealed. A foundation trench for a wall in Stratum IIIa damaged the floor.
Stratum IIIa. Remains dating to the eighth–ninth centuries CE were discovered throughout the excavation area. The foundation of a long wall (exposed length c. 18 m; Fig. 2), built of large wadi pebbles and hamra fill, was exposed in the western part of the area. This is the first time that such method of construction was exposed at the site. The foundation was almost one meter deeper than the elevation of the lowest floor that abutted it. The wall was adjoined from the north and south by several walls that were mostly destroyed during infrastructure work and only two were excavated. A rectangular cesspit with a partially preserved vaulted ceiling was revealed next to the southern side of the foundation. A square installation, plastered on the interior, was exposed to the north of the foundation. A plastered water conduit led from the installation to a ceramic pipe that continued toward the ceiling of a large round cistern.
Part of a large building (width 10–13 m) was exposed in the eastern section of the area. A small square plastered installation was discovered at the southern end of the building. The construction remains to the south of the installation indicate that it may have been part of a larger installation. Two rooms were exposed in the eastern part of the building. Remains of a stone floor were preserved in the northern room. Two other rooms were exposed in the northern part of the building. Separated by a thick wall, they continued north beyond the limits of the excavation area. Remains of a stone pavement that did not abut the walls were revealed in the eastern room, whereas remains of a light colored plaster floor were exposed in the western room. Part of a cesspit (Fig. 3) whose western part was vaulted was exposed outside of the building, just east of the rooms. Southeast of the cesspit, below a floor and installation ascribed to Stratum IIa, parts of square and round cesspits were exposed; nearby was the corner of a massive building that continued beyond the bounds of the excavation area. Below the corner of the building was a (refuse?) pit from the seventh century CE. A drainage channel from Stratum IIb, which dated to the ninth century CE (below), was revealed above the corner of the building.
Stratum IIb. Building remains that dated to the ninth century CE were discovered in the western part of the excavation area. A plastered installation, abutted on the west by a mosaic pavement, was exposed (Fig. 4). A light colored plaster floor that was lower than the mosaic pavement abutted the northern side of the installation. Further remains of a light colored plaster floor were exposed southeast of the installation, at an elevation similar to that of the plaster floor north of the installation.
Stratum IIa. Remains dating to the ninth and the beginning of the tenth centuries CE were discovered in all the excavation squares. This was the most disturbed stratum in the excavation due to its proximity to surface and therefore, its general plan is fragmentary. Buildings, installations associated with liquids, storage pits, cesspits and channels were exposed.
A large complex of rooms was revealed in the eastern part of the area. A gray plaster floor and a small circular installation that was lined with fieldstones and plastered were exposed east of the rooms. Adjoining the northern side of the installation was another square installation whose eastern part was covered with a dressed stone slab. A light gray floor abutted the southern side of the square installation. Marble architectural elements, which were apparently related to a church or a chapel, located in the vicinity and dismantled, were discovered above this floor. These elements included a chancel post, a columnette that was probably the leg of a table or altar, a baptismal basin and a basket capital that was converted for use as a cistern capstone and had worn rope marks from drawing water (Figs. 5–7).
South of the cluster of marble elements, in the southern section of the excavation, a built and plastered rectangular installation that was adapted for use as a refuse pit, was exposed. It contained a rich assortment of artifacts, including pottery, two intact flasks, a stone baptismal basin, glass vessels and metal artifacts (Fig. 8). Several basalt grinding stones were discovered in the vicinity of the installation. An elongated room was exposed east of the installation and other plastered installations were north and south of that room. The northern installation was a square plastered pit that had a sump in one of its corners (Fig. 9). The southern installation was partially destroyed. Nearby, to the east of the installations, another square plastered installation was apparently abutted by a light colored floor; both installation and floor were built above a cesspit from Stratum IIIa.
Three other square plastered installations were discovered in the northern part of the area; only their bottom parts were preserved. A sump and a step were discovered in the corner of the eastern installation and a settling pit was exposed between the installations.
The finds revealed in the area are rich and diverse. The pottery assemblage includes a large quantity of vessels, some of which are intact (Fig. 10), including jars and stoppers, jugs (some with filters; Fig. 11), numerous flasks (Fig. 12), clay lamps, cups, frying pans, bowls, saqiye jars, kerbschnitt ware, a Celadon type bowl imported from China that is dated to the tenth century CE (Fig. 13) and tiny intact storage vessels (‘Greek-fire grenades’; Fig. 14). The jars and stoppers show that goods were stored at the site, which was apparently an industrial one. The metal artifacts include iron tools, a bronze kohl stick, nails and a single coin. The recovered glass vessels resemble the finds recovered from the rest of the areas; however, they also include several vessels from the Late Roman and Byzantine periods that were not discovered in other areas. Numerous animal bones were discovered, as well as several kinds of shells, which may point to a cloth-dying industry. The stone vessels include basalt pounding and grinding vessels, a granite bowl, pieces of pumice, as well as fragments of a steatite incense burner. Intact steatite incense burners were discovered in previous seasons and they date to the Early Islamic period.
The remains exposed in the excavation, like those revealed in previous excavations at the site, are part of an industrial region, which was probably associated with the city of Ramla at the beginning of the Early Islamic period. The wealth and variety of finds, including the imported artifacts, reflect the importance of the site and its prosperity. After many of the installations at the site were no longer in use, they were converted to refuse pits, in which numerous artifacts were discovered (Fig. 15). Among the finds in the area are architectural elements that may be indicative of a monastery or a church that once stood nearby.